The Book of Enoch - A Modern English Translationof the Ethiopian Book of Enoch with introduction and notes by Andy McCracken
Special thanks to Bredren Jason Naphtaliwho found this translation (by M. Knibb) of the Ethiopian text in theS.O.A.S. Library at the University of London.
The Book of Enoch
CONTENTS Introduction 3 History of the Book of Enoch 5 Condition of the text 7
The Book (1) THE BLESSING OF ENOCH 11 (2) GOD'S LAWS 12 (3) REBELS AMONGST THE WATCHERS 15 (4) THE MOST HIGH OF THE WATCHERS SPEAKS OUT 19 (5) ENOCH MEETS THE HOLY WATCHERS 23 (6) THE BOOK OF REPROOF 26 (7) ENOCH STAYS FOR A WHILE WITH THE WATCHERS 31 (8) THE ANGELS WHO KEEP WATCH 35 (9) THE FRAGRANT TREES 39 (10) THE BOOK OF METHUSELAH 46 (11) THE BOOK OF NOAH 50 (12) THE BOOK OF PARABLES 55 First 56 Second 64 Third 75 (13) THE STOREHOUSES 87 (14) THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE LIGHTS 93 (15) ENOCH'S LETTER TO METHUSELAH 107 (16) THE LAW OF THE STARS 110 (17) ENOCH'S FIRST VISION 114 (18) PROPHECY OF THE ANIMALS 120 (19) PROPHECY OF THE TEN WEEKS 137 (20) ENOCH'S MESSAGE OF GUIDANCE 143 (21) ENOCH'S CONCLUDING WORDS 157 References and further reading 159
The Book of Enoch
I have based this book on Michael A. Knibb's scholarly translation of the Ethiopian manuscripts, (The Ethiopic Book of Enoch, Oxford University Press), which I believe to be the best translation currently available. I first heard about the Book of Enoch a few years ago, while I was researching into ‘End of Days’ prophesies. When I finally managed to get hold of a copy, I discovered that it was a very strange and unusual book. The first time I read it I was skeptical and somewhat puzzled; I wondered who would have written an odd book like this. I knew that Enoch, (Hanokh in Hebrew), was very favourably mentioned in Genesis, and I discovered that Enoch’s book describes the Exodus and Moses very favourably (although not by name). So my first theory was that it might have been written around the same time as the Torah, perhaps around 1400 BC. However, after several readings I could find no plausible theories. The prophecy of the animals is extremely precisely written and obviously refers to events well after Moses (see my notes on that chapter). Additionally; who would have dared to produce a book with people such as Moses described in terms of farm animals? Michael Knibb, whose translation I have used to produce this book, studied all available manuscripts and sources, and it is clear that this book was well known and studied in many countries well before the time of Jesus. The earliest known surviving fragments and quotations in various languages show that this is the same book, and that the Ethiopians have preserved it well.
In the end I was convinced that the book is really Enoch’s true account of otherwise forgotten events that occurred in early times; events that we have no other surviving records of Enoch left us a book that describes people of an advanced culture; blond Thehaired people that Enoch’s people considered to be Angels of God, and itwas written on the angels’ instruction. The standard academic view seems to be that some slightly demented religious fanatic wrote the book - not long before the earliest provable fragments, (200 or 300BC). I think it is impossible to support this view. Such an author would have to be able to write the entire book from the point of view of a person who knows nothing of countries with names, or religions with names. Then he goes on to describe the Angels as blond men, who ran away from Heaven in order to be promiscuous with women. I don’t believe this is the sort of world view that would have been well received or widely accepted anywhere in 200 BC. This plus the all too accurate prophecies are probably the reasons why it was ‘lost’ by the religions that used to regard it as holy. I concluded that the book is probably what it appears to be; well preserved,ancient and genuine. Enoch was the great-grandfather of Noah, and fatherof Methuselah, and his book gives a unique view of the world before the flood; which recent research suggests may have occurred as long ago as17,000 BC.
The History of the Book of Enoch
The book was thought to have been lost, for over 2,000 years, with many ancient sources referring to it, and even quoting parts, but no complete copies were known. Then in 1773, James Bruce brought three copies back from Ethiopia, having spent some years exploring the country. Enoch had two main reasons for writing his book. The first was because the Watchers instructed him to do it, (see section 15 at 81.5 and 81.6). The second reason; was to save his family from the flood. Enoch wrote his book, after his grandson Lamech was born, but before Noah was born. Noah is only named in the section that Methuselah wrote, (see section 10 at 107.3), and of course in his own section (section 11, The Book of Noah). So, there may still have been 40 - 80 years left before the flood, at the time when Enoch wrote his book. There is a long gap between the time of the flood and the time when Moses gave praise to Enoch in Genesis. Genesis dates from around 1400 BC, and forms part of the Torah (the first five books of the bible). In Genesis, there is Enoch's family; as named by him in this book, and a quick recap of some of Enoch's story. It seems likely therefore, that copies of the Book of Enoch survived into Egyptian times, 3500 BC, and was known to Moses around 2,000 years later. Moses presumably took a copy of the book with him when they all left Egypt, and he was no doubt pleased to see Enoch's prophecy fulfilled. The book probably existed mainly in Hebrew during the thousand years after the exodus. No Hebrew copies exist today, however, although there are some Hebrew passages quoted in some of the Aramaic fragments that survive from a few centuries BC. The appearance of the book in Ethiopia, is probably due to events in Jerusalem during the reign of King Manasseh of Judah, (695 - 642 BC), which are documented in the Bible, (2Chronicles 33:1 - 20, and at 2Kings 21:1 – 18). King Manasseh was not of the Jewish faith, he erected alters to Baal and Asherah in Solomon's Temple. In Kings at 21:16, it says that so much innocent blood was shed that it filled Jerusalem from end to end. At this time, the religious establishment left the country, taking the Ark of the Covenant and all the important religious texts with them. After a number of years in Egypt, the refugees went further south, near to the source of the Nile, at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The descendants of these people are the Falashas, who even today follow the form of Judaism that had been practiced in Israel only before 620 BC. The Ethiopians translated The Book of Hanokh into Ge'ez, and had enough respect to look after it. Meanwhile, all Hebrew versions disappeared but a substantial part of the book had survived in Greek, and some parts in Aramaic, but until Scottish traveler, and freemason, James Bruce, returned from Ethiopia in 1773, with three manuscripts, no one in the west had ever seen the whole book. The two commonly available translations were done soon after this and the book was received with an embarrassed silence, for the most part, and not widely read. This book is based on a new translation published in 1978, which was produced as a result of research into a large number of the Ethiopian manuscripts and a review of all other surviving fragments. My hope is that this present edition will be the best version of Enoch's book available in English. I think this is an important book, and I have done my best to present it as clearly as possible, and in a way that I hope Hanokh would have approved of.
Condition of the Text I believe the text to be in good condition generally. It seems to be almost complete, with a beginning and an end, and it is self-consistent. Even more significant is the way that Enoch's character and style of writing are still apparent. The only parts that I suspect were written by different authors I have separated out, as the Book of Methuselah, and the Book of Noah, (chapters 10 & 11). The translation by Michael Knibb, into English, is very good, and I have had to do very little to the text in order to change it from a good translation into clear English. I have added quite a lot of punctuation and improved the presentation, but I have made only very minor changes to the text (such as substituting ‘before’ with ‘in front of’ where appropriate. In a few places I have substituted “sky” for Heaven where it makes the meaning clearer. Where Enoch says “the face of Heaven” he means the sky but I have left it unchanged. I only changed Heaven to sky where I was sure that was the intended meaning. Similarly, I have tried to use Earth with a capital where I think the meaning is the whole planet and earth, without a capital, where the meaning may just be the ground – which Enoch often differentiates himself by referring to “the dry ground” rather than “the earth”. Fortunately, Enoch's style was to use a simple vocabulary, and he assumed no pre-knowledge by the reader. Anything complicated, he explains at length, with quite a lot of repetition. This has helped to preserve the book through many translations. There are a few places, even so, where there are problems. I have marked these with dots (.....) where some words seem to have been lost. Fortunately, there are not many of these, and nothing important appears to be missing.
I did find a few translocations in the text: • Methuselah's book had been inserted near the back, • Noah's book and ‘The Storehouses’ had been inserted into the Third Parable. • Part of the Prophecy of the Ten weeks was in the wrong order. I have kept the Ethiopian ‘chapter and verse’ numbers, in all cases, so that my changes to the order of presentation can easily be seen. I have split the book into sections - where there seems to be a natural break, and given each one a title. I inserted Noah and Methuselah’s works into the middle - where there seems to be a major break in Enoch’s book. The first section of Enoch is mainly the story of what occurred whereas the second part is mainly written from the notes that Enoch took while he was with the Watchers. Additionally, the end of Noah’s short book conveniently serves as an introduction to Enoch’s Book of Parables. Andy McCracken (August 2002)
Notes (1) THE BLESSING OF ENOCH (page 11) This section is Enoch's introduction to the book. At 1.2, he explains how the angels (Watchers) showed him a vision of the future. At 1.5, the Watchers are mentioned; here Enoch means the run-away rebel Watchers who came to live in his area (this is described in section 3). In the bible (Gen. 6.4), the descendants of the Watchers are described as giants or Nephilim, they may have been bigger than the local people, Enoch describes them as giants, 7.2, Andrew Collins' investigations suggest that a race of unusually large people did once exist. (See his book From the Ashes of Angels) The main theme is that of destruction; God is going to clear away the sinners, so that good people can have peace. This is the Flood of Noah which was still some way off when Enoch wrote the book, although there are details of a ‘second end’ later in the book (see the 10 weeks).
1) THE BLESSING OF ENOCH 1.1 These are the words of the blessing of Enoch; according to which he blessed the chosen and righteous who must be present on the day of distress, which is appointed, for the removal of all the wicked and impious. 1.2 And Enoch began his story and said: - There was a righteous man whose eyes were opened by the Lord, and he saw a Holy vision in the Heavens, which the Angels showed to me. And I heard everything from them, and I understood what I saw: but not for this generation, but for a distant generation that will come. 1.3 Concerning the Chosen I spoke; and I uttered a parable concerning them: The Holy and Great One will come out of his dwelling. 1.4 And the Eternal God will tread from there upon Mount Sinai, and he will appear with his Host, and will appear in the strength of his power from Heaven. 1.5 And all will be afraid, and the Watchers will shake, and fear and great trembling will seize them, up to the ends of the earth. 1.6 And the high mountains will be shaken; and the high hills will be laid low and will melt like wax in a flame. 1.7 And the earth will sink, and everything that is on the earth will be destroyed, and there will be judgment upon all, and upon all the righteous. 1.8 But for the righteous: He will make peace, and He will keep safe the Chosen, and mercy will be upon them. They will all belong to God, and will prosper and be blessed, and the light of God will shine on them. 1.9 And behold! He comes with ten thousand Holy Ones; to execute judgment upon them and to destroy the impious, and to contend with all flesh concerning everything that the sinners and the impious have done and wrought against Him. The Book of Enoch 12 2) GOD'S LAWS 2.1 Contemplate all the events in the sky; how the lights in the sky do not change their courses, how each rises and sets in order, each at its proper time, and they do not transgress their law. 2.2 Consider the earth and understand from the work that is done upon it, from the beginning to the end, that no work of God changes as it becomes manifest. 2.3 Consider the summer and the winter; how the whole earth is full of water and the clouds and dew and rain rest upon it. 3.1 Contemplate and see how all the trees appear withered and all their leaves are stripped - with the exception of the fourteen trees, which are not stripped, which remain with the old leaves until the new come after two or three years. 4.1 And, again, contemplate the days of summer; how at its beginning the Sun is above it. You seek shelter and shade because of the heat of the Sun and the earth burns with scorching heat, and you cannot tread upon the earth or upon a rock, because of its heat. 5.1 Contemplate how the trees are covered with green leaves and bear fruit. And understand, in respect of everything, and perceive how He Who Lives Forever made all these things for you. 5.2 And how His works are before Him in each succeeding year, and all His works serve Him and do not change; but as God has decreed - so everything is done. 5.3 And consider how the seas and rivers together complete their tasks. 5.4 But you have not persevered in, nor observed, the Law of the Lord. But you have transgressed and have spoken proud and hard words with your unclean mouth against his majesty. You hard of heart! You will not have peace! The Book of Enoch 13 5.5 And because of this you will curse your days, and the years of your life you will destroy. And the eternal curse will increase and you will not receive mercy. 5.6 In those days, you will transform your name into an eternal curse to all the righteous. And they will curse you sinners forever. 5.7 For the chosen; there will be light, joy, and peace, and they will inherit the earth. But for you, the impious, there will be a curse. 5.8 When wisdom is given to the chosen they will all live, and will not again do wrong, either through forgetfulness, or through pride. But those who possess wisdom will be humble. 5.9 They will not again do wrong, and they will not be judged in all the days of their life, and they will not die of wrath or anger. But they will complete the number of the days of their life. And their life will grow in peace, and the years of their joy will increase in gladness and eternal peace; all the days of their life. The Book of Enoch 14 Notes (3) REBELS AMONG THE WATCHERS (pages 15-17) This is the story of the fallen angels. The beginning, 6.1-2, is virtually identical with Genesis 6.1-2. In Enoch's book, we get their names and many other details. At 6.6, Enoch explains the naming of Mount Hermon - in Hebrew it means curses. The mountain that he was actually referring to is possibly somewhere near Lake Van in Turkey. It is common for translators to update names rather than use phonetics, so the few names that appear, mainly mountains and rivers, can’t be relied upon as accurate identifications. We don’t know whether there was another mountain called ‘curses’ or even what language the book was originally written in. At 7.2, he says they had giant sons. I believe that this means, not that they were physically big, but powerful and wealthy with private armies. Nevertheless, the Watchers may have been larger than the local people were. Many years of advanced healthcare and nutrition can lead to increasing average size. They were probably quite young, these runaway angels, but they had weapons and knowledge (8.1) that meant they were able to dominate Enoch's people easily. Since they could have children, by women, I think it is safe to assume that they are men, and not angels (or any other non-human entity), since breeding is species specific by definition. They were regarded as angels by Enoch and his people, (see what Lamech says at 106.5-6 in section 10), but Enoch also says they could appear like men when they wished, (see 17.1), but even so, he never seems to doubt their divinity. At 8.4, the scene switches: to the angels in heaven - the Watchers at their home base. The activities of the runaways cause them to be noticed. This section ends with some of the Watchers asking their Headman what should they do about the runaways. Alternatively, it could be seen as God being informed that no souls wish to incarnate on the Earth because conditions are becoming so bad. The Book of Enoch 15 3) REBELS AMONG THE WATCHERS 6.1 And it came to pass, when the sons of men had increased, that in those days there were born to them fair and beautiful daughters. 6.2 And the Angels, the sons of Heaven, saw them and desired them. And they said to one another: "Come, let us choose for ourselves wives, from the children of men, and let us beget, for ourselves, children." 6.3 And Semyaza, who was their leader, said to them: "I fear that you may not wish this deed to be done and that I alone will pay for this great sin." 6.4 And they all answered him, and said: "Let us all swear an oath, and bind one-another with curses, so not to alter this plan, but to carry out this plan effectively." 6.5 Then they all swore together and all bound one another with curses to it. 6.6 And they were, in all, two hundred and they came down on Ardis, which is the summit of Mount Hermon. And they called the mountain Hermon because on it they swore and bound one another with curses. 6.7 And these are the names of their leaders: Semyaza, who was their leader, Urakiba, Ramiel, Kokabiel, Tamiel, Ramiel, Daniel, Ezeqiel, Baraqiel, Asael, Armaros, Ananel, Zaqiel, Samsiel, Satael, Turiel, Yomiel, Araziel. 6.8 These are the leaders of the two hundred Angels and of all the others with them. 7.1 And they took wives for themselves and everyone chose for himself one each. And they began to go into them and were promiscuous with them. And they taught them charms and spells, and they showed them the cutting of roots and trees. 7.2 And they became pregnant and bore large giants. And their height was The Book of Enoch 16 three thousand cubits. 7.3 These devoured all the toil of men; until men were unable to sustain them. 7.4 And the giants turned against them in order to devour men. 7.5 And they began to sin against birds, and against animals, and against reptiles, and against fish, and they devoured one another's flesh, and drank the blood from it. 7.6 Then the Earth complained about the lawless ones. 8.1 And Azazel taught men to make swords, and daggers, and shields, and breastplates. And he showed them the things after these, and the art of making them; bracelets, and ornaments, and the art of making up the eyes, and of beautifying the eyelids, and the most precious stones, and all kinds of coloured dyes. And the world was changed. 8.2 And there was great impiety, and much fornication, and they went astray, and all their ways became corrupt. 8.3 Amezarak taught all those who cast spells and cut roots, Armaros the release of spells, and Baraqiel astrologers, and Kokabiel portents, and Tamiel taught astrology, and Asradel taught the path of the Moon. 8.4 And at the destruction of men they cried out; and their voices reached Heaven. 9.1 And then Michael, Gabriel, Suriel and Uriel, looked down from Heaven and saw the mass of blood that was being shed on the earth and all the iniquity that was being done on the earth. 9.2 And they said to one another: "Let the devastated Earth cry out with the sound of their cries, up to the Gate of Heaven. 9.3 And now to you, Oh Holy Ones of Heaven, the souls of men complain, saying: "Bring our complaint before the Most High." 9.4 And they said to their Lord, the King: "Lord of Lords, God of Gods, King of Kings! Your glorious throne endures for all the generations of the The Book of Enoch 17 world, and blessed and praised! 9.5 You have made everything, and power over everything is yours. And everything is uncovered, and open, in front of you, and you see everything, and there is nothing that can be hidden from you. 9.6 See then what Azazel has done; how he has taught all iniquity on the earth and revealed the eternal secrets that are made in Heaven. 9.7 And Semyaza has made known spells, he to whom you gave authority to rule over those who are with him. 9.8 And they went into the daughters of men together, lay with those women, became unclean, and revealed to them these sins. 9.9 And the women bore giants, and thereby the whole Earth has been filled with blood and iniquity. 9.10 And now behold the souls which have died cry out and complain unto the Gate of Heaven, and their lament has ascended, and they cannot go out in the face of the iniquity which is being committed on the earth. 9.11 And you know everything, before it happens, and you know this, and what concerns each of them. But you say nothing to us. What ought we to do with them, about this?" The Book of Enoch 18 Notes (4) THE MOST HIGH OF THE WATCHERS SPEAKS OUT. (Pages 19–21) Enoch presents us with a condemnation of the runaways by the Most High of the Watchers. This section shows how the runaways are regarded at home. Some background details do emerge later in the book. At 106.13 (section 10), we learn that the runaways came to Enoch's area in his father's day. Enoch is a scribe, see 12.4, and he says that it was the angels who introduced writing. So, Enoch was probably taught to write, and employed, by the runaway angels. At 10.1-3, the Most High instructs an angel to save the son of Lamech (this will be Noah) from the flood. This is interesting, because besides prophesying details of the flood, and its timing, it reveals that this was written at a time when Enoch is a grandfather, (of Lamech), but he does not yet know what Lamech's son will be called. If the runaways were young in Enoch's father’s day, then they are probably at least 10 years older than Enoch and maybe more. So, it is likely that the events in this book happen at a time when the runaways are quite old. I have wondered if they (the angels) lived longer than we would think was normal but there isn’t enough detail to draw a conclusion. The majority of this section consists of a prophecy of doom for the runaways: They will see their families destroyed by fighting amongst themselves during their lifetime. They will suffer in the afterlife and the societies they founded will be wiped away by a flood. He says, at 10.22, that there will never again be another flood like the one to come. The Book of Enoch 19 4) THE MOST HIGH OF THE WATCHERS SPEAKS OUT 10.1 And then the Most High, the Great and Holy One, spoke and sent Arsyalalyur to the son of Lamech, and said to him: 10.2 "Say to him in my name; hide yourself! And reveal to him the end, which is coming, because the whole earth will be destroyed. A deluge is about to come on all the earth; and all that is in it will be destroyed. 10.3 And now teach him so that he may escape and his offspring may survive for the whole Earth." 10.4 And further the Lord said to Raphael: "Bind Azazel by his hands and his feet and throw him into the darkness. And split open the desert, which is in Dudael, and throw him there. 10.5 And throw on him jagged and sharp stones and cover him with darkness. And let him stay there forever. And cover his face so that he may not see the light. 10.6 And so that, on the Great Day of Judgment, he may be hurled into the fire. 10.7 And restore the Earth which the Angels have ruined. And announce the restoration of the Earth. For I shall restore the Earth so that not all the sons of men shall be destroyed because of the knowledge which the Watchers made known and taught to their sons. 10.8 And the whole Earth has been ruined by the teaching of the works of Azazel; and against him write: ALL SIN." 10.9 And the Lord said to Gabriel: “Proceed against the bastards, and the reprobates, and against the sons of the fornicators. And destroy the sons of the fornicators, and the sons of the Watchers, from amongst men. And send them out, and send them against one another, and let them destroy themselves in battle; for they will not have length of days. 10.10 And they will petition you, but the petitioners will gain nothing in The Book of Enoch 20 respect of them, for they hope for eternal life, and that each of them will live life for five hundred years." 10.11 And the Lord said to Michael: "Go, inform Semyaza, and the others with him, who have associated with the women to corrupt themselves with them in all their uncleanness. 10.12 When all their sons kill each other, and when they see the destruction of their loved ones, bind them for seventy generations, under the hills of the earth, until the day of their judgment and of their consummation, until the judgment, which is for all eternity, is accomplished. 10.13 And in those days, they will lead them to the Abyss of Fire; in torment, and in prison they will be shut up for all eternity. 10.14 And then Semyaza will be burnt, and from then on destroyed with them; together they will be bound until the end of all generations. 10.15 And destroy all the souls of lust, and the sons of the Watchers, for they have wronged men. 10.16 Destroy all wrong from the face of the Earth and every evil work will cease. 10.17 And now all the righteous will be humble, and will live until they beget thousands. And all the days of their youth, and their sabbaths, they will fulfill in peace. 10.18 And in those days the whole earth will be tilled in righteousness and all of it will be planted with trees; and it will be filled with blessing. 10.19 And all the pleasant trees they will plant on it and they will plant on it vines. And the vine that is planted on it will produce fruit in abundance; and every seed that is sown on it, each measure will produce a thousand, and each measure of olives will produce ten baths of oil. 10.20 And you cleanse the Earth from all wrong, and from all iniquity, and from all sin, and from all impiety, and from all the uncleanness which is brought about on the earth. The Book of Enoch 21 10.21 And all the sons of men shall be righteous, and all the nations shall serve and bless me and all shall worship me. 10.22 And the Earth will be cleansed from all corruption, and from all sin, and from all wrath, and from all torment; and I will not again send a flood upon it, for all generations, forever. 11.1 And in those days, I will open the Storehouses of Blessing, which are in Heaven, so that I may send them down upon the Earth, upon the work, and upon the toil, of the sons of men. 11.2 Peace and truth will be united, for all the days of eternity, and for all the generations of eternity. The Book of Enoch 22 Notes (5) ENOCH MEETS THE HOLY WATCHERS (pages 23-24) This section describes how Enoch became involved. Enoch describes how representatives of the Watchers approached him, while praying, (12.3). They gave him a message to pass on to the runaways. The message is outlined between 12.4 and 13.2. Enoch describes the terror among the runaways when they discover they have been found. Enoch explains how the runaways decided to send a letter, (13.4-–6), begging forgiveness, and Enoch is given the job of writing and delivering this letter. Enoch does not disclose the actual contents of their letter or much about how it was delivered. He says he went to the waters of Dan (Lake Van?) and read it out, and a reply came to him in a dream, (13.7-8), but he also says at 12.1-2 that he had disappeared because he was with the Watchers. The Book of Enoch 23 5) ENOCH MEETS THE HOLY WATCHERS 12.1 And then Enoch disappeared and none of the sons of men knew where he was hidden, where he was, or what had happened. 12.2 And all his doings were with the Holy Ones, and with the Watchers, in his days. 12.3 And I Enoch, was blessing the Great Lord and the King of Eternity. And behold, the Watchers called to me - Enoch the scribe - and said to me: 12.4 "Enoch, scribe of righteousness. Go and inform the Watchers of Heaven, who have left the High Heaven and the Holy Eternal Place, and have corrupted themselves with women, and have done as the sons of men do and have taken wives for themselves, and have become completely corrupt on the earth. 12.5 They will have on Earth, neither peace, nor forgiveness of sin, for they will not rejoice in their sons. 12.6 The slaughter of their beloved ones they will see; and over the destruction of their sons they will lament and petition forever. But they will have neither mercy nor peace.” 13.1 And Enoch went and said to Azazel: "You will not have peace. A severe sentence has come out against you that you should be bound. 13.2 And you will have neither rest nor mercy, nor the granting of any petitions, because of the wrong which you have taught, and because of all the works of blasphemy and wrong and sin which you have shown to the sons of men." 13.3 And then I went and spoke to them all together, and they were all afraid; fear and trembling seized them. 13.4 And they asked me to write out for them the record of a petition, so that they might receive forgiveness, and to take a record of their petition up to the Lord in Heaven. The Book of Enoch 24 13.5 For they were not able, from then on, to speak, and they did not raise their eyes to Heaven, out of shame for the sins, for which they had been condemned. 13.6 And then I wrote out the record of their petition, and their supplication in regard to their spirits, and the deeds of each one of them, and in regard to what they asked; that they should obtain absolution and forbearance. 13.7 And I went and sat down by the waters of Dan, in Dan, which is southwest of Hermon; and I read out the record of their petition, until I fell asleep. 13.8 And behold a dream came to me, and visions fell upon me, and I saw a vision of wrath; that I should speak to the sons of Heaven and reprove them. 13.9 And I woke up and went to them, and they were all sitting gathered together as they mourned, in Ubelseyael, which is between Lebanon and Senir, with their faces covered. 13.10 And I spoke in front of them all; the visions that I had seen in my sleep, and I began to speak these words to reprove the Watchers of Heaven. The Book of Enoch 25 Notes (6) THE BOOK OF REPROOF (pages 26-29) This is the reply to the runaways' letter. The judgment is outlined at 14.4-7. They are to be bound on earth, (14.5), this could mean endless reincarnation; presumably they would know exactly what it meant. At 14.6, the deaths of their sons, is predicted again, and at 14.7, they are further criticized for the form of their petition. The section at 14.8 is interesting; here Enoch goes into more detail about how he saw this vision. It sounds to me, as though Enoch was taken in a vehicle that could fly! (See also section 15 at 81.5, here three of the Watchers take Enoch home, and drop him off outside his front door). From-14.9 - 15.1, Enoch describes his journey, and the place where he was taken. He was obviously very impressed and rather frightened. The "wall of hailstones" might be glass, and the "tongue of fire" could be artificial lighting. At 15.1, the Most High speaks to Enoch, and he mocks the runaways for sending Enoch to carry their petition (15.2). He goes on to explain the reasons for the harshness of the judgment. At 16.3, he criticizes them for leaving before they had completed their education. He says that what they knew was worthless, and that their lack of wisdom will lead to bad consequences. The Book of Enoch 26 6) THE BOOK OF REPROOF 14.1 This book is the word of righteousness, and of reproof, for the Watchers who are from Eternity; as the Holy and Great One commanded in that vision. 14.2 I saw in my sleep what I will now tell, with the tongue of flesh, and with my breath, which the Great One has given men in the mouth, so that they might speak with it, and understand with the heart. 14.3 As He has created, and appointed, men to understand the word of knowledge, so He created and appointed me to reprove the Watchers, the sons of Heaven. 14.4 And I wrote out your petition, but in my vision, thus it appeared, that your petition would not be granted to you, for all the days of eternity; and complete judgment has been decreed against you, and you will not have peace. 14.5 And from now on, you will not ascend into Heaven, for all eternity, and it has been decreed that you will be bound on Earth for all the days of eternity. 14.6 And before this, you will have seen the destruction of your beloved sons, and you will not be able to enjoy them, but they will fall before you by the sword. 14.7 And your petition will not be granted in respect of them or in respect of yourselves. And while you weep and supplicate you do not speak a single word from the writings which I have written. 14.8 And the vision appeared to me, as follows: - Behold; clouds called me in the vision, and mist called me. And the path of the stars, and flashes of lightning, hastened me and drove me. And in the vision winds caused me to fly, and hastened me, and lifted me up into the sky. 14.9 And I proceeded until I came near a wall which was made of The Book of Enoch 27 hailstones, and a tongue of fire surrounded it, and it began to make me afraid. 14.10 And I went into the tongue of fire and came near to a large house, which was built of hailstones, and the wall of that house was like a mosaic of hailstones and its floor was snow. 14.11 Its roof was like the path of the stars and flashes of lightning, and among them was fiery cherubim, and their sky was like water. 14.12 And there was a fire burning around its wall and its door was ablaze with fire. 14.13 And I went into that house, and it was as hot as fire and as cold as snow, and there was neither pleasure nor life in it. Fear covered me and trembling took hold of me. 14.14 And as I was shaking and trembling, I fell on my face. 14.15 And I saw in the vision, and behold, another house which was larger than the former and all its doors were open before me, and it was built of a tongue of fire. 14.16 And in everything, it so excelled in glory and splendor and size, so that I am unable to describe to you its glory and its size. 14.17 And its floor was fire, and above lightning and the path of the stars, and its roof also was a burning fire. 14.18 And I looked, and I saw in it, a high throne, and its appearance was like ice, and its surrounds like the shining Sun and the sound of cherubim. 14.19 And from underneath the high throne there flowed out rivers of fire so that it was impossible to look at it. 14.20 And He who is Great in Glory sat upon it, and his raiment was brighter than the Sun, and whiter than any snow. 14.21 And no Angel could enter, and at the appearance of the face of Him who is Honoured and Praised, no creature of flesh could look. 14.22 A sea of fire burnt around Him, and a great fire stood in front of The Book of Enoch 28 Him, and none of those around Him came near to Him. Ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him but He needed no Holy Council. 14.23 And the Holy Ones who were near to Him did not leave by night or day and did not depart from Him. 14.24 And until then I had a covering on my face, as I trembled. And the Lord called me with his own mouth, and said to me: "Come here, Enoch, to my Holy Word." 14.25 And He lifted me up and brought me near to the door. And I looked, with my face down. 15.1 And He answered me, and said to me with His voice: "Hear! Do not be afraid, Enoch, you righteous man, and scribe of righteousness. Come here and hear my voice. 15.2 And go say to the Watchers of Heaven, who sent you to petition on their behalf: You ought to petition on behalf of men, not men on behalf of you. 15.3 Why have you left the High, Holy and Eternal Heaven, and lain with women, and become unclean with the daughters of men, and taken wives for yourselves, and done as the sons of the earth, and begotten giant sons? 15.4 And you were spiritual, Holy, living an eternal life, but you became unclean upon the women, and begot children through the blood of flesh, and lusted after the blood of men, and produced flesh and blood, as they do, who die and are destroyed. 15.5 And for this reason I give men wives; so that they might sow seed in them, and so that children might be born by them, so that deeds might be done on the Earth. 15.6 But you, formerly, were spiritual, living an eternal, immortal life, for all the generations of the world. 15.7 For this reason I did not arrange wives for you; because the dwelling of the spiritual ones is in Heaven. The Book of Enoch 29 15.8 And now, the giants who were born from body and flesh will be called Evil Spirits on the Earth, and on the Earth will be their dwelling. 15.9 And evil spirits came out from their flesh, because from above they were created, from the Holy Watchers was their origin and first foundation. Evil spirits they will be on Earth and ‘Spirits of the Evil Ones’ they will be called. 15.10 And the dwelling of the Spirits of Heaven is Heaven, but the dwelling of the spirits of the Earth, who were born on the Earth, is Earth. 15.11 And the spirits of the giants do wrong, are corrupt, attack, fight, break on the Earth, and cause sorrow. And they eat no food, do not thirst, and are not observed. 15.12 And these spirits will rise against the sons of men, and against the women, because they came out of them during the days of slaughter and destruction. 16.1 And the death of the giants, wherever the spirits have gone out from their bodies, their flesh will be destroyed, before the Judgment. Thus they will be destroyed until the Day of the Great Consummation is accomplished, upon the Great Age, upon the Watchers and the impious ones." 16.2 And now to the Watchers, who sent you to petition on their behalf, who were formerly in Heaven: 16.3 "You were in Heaven but its secrets had not yet been revealed to you; and a worthless mystery you knew. This you made known to women, in the hardness of your hearts. And through this mystery the women and the men cause evil to increase on the Earth." 16.4 Say to them therefore: "You will not have peace." The Book of Enoch 30 Notes (7) ENOCH STAYS FOR A WHILE WITH THE WATCHERS (pages 31-33) This section describes Enoch's impressions on being shown around by the Watchers. At 17.1, he says he was at a place where the Watchers were like burning fire, (I do not know what this means, although it does remind me of Moses and the burning bush), but he also says that they could look like men. The description at 17.5 reminds me of volcanic larva flows, such as in Iceland where new land is being created. The mountains mentioned at 18.6 are referred to again later in the book. I have often wondered if it would be possible to identify this place from these descriptions. The best match I have found so far is the South Sandwich island group. The main island has now been submerged but the mountain tops now form the chain of islands. For more on this, read ‘Thoth Architect of the Universe’ by Ralph Ellis. This part ends with more details of the punishment for the runaways. The Book of Enoch 31 7) ENOCH STAYS FOR A WHILE WITH THE WATCHERS 17.1 And they took me to a place where they were like burning fire, and, when they wished, they made themselves look like men. 17.2 And they led me to a place of storm, and to a mountain, the tip of whose summit reached to Heaven. 17.3 And I saw lighted places, and thunder in the outermost ends, in its depths a bow of fire, and arrows and their quivers, and a sword of fire, and all the flashes of lightning. 17.4 And they took me to the Water of Life, as it is called, and to the Fire of the West, which receives every setting of the Sun. 17.5 And I came to a river of fire, whose fire flows like water, and pours out into the Great Sea, which is towards the west. 17.6 And I saw all the great rivers, and I reached the Great Darkness, and went where all flesh walks. 17.7 And I saw the Mountains of the Darkness of Winter and the place where the water of all the deeps pours out. 17.8 And I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the Earth, and the mouth of the deep. 18.1 And I saw the storehouses of all the winds, and I saw how with them He has adorned all creation, and I saw the foundations of the Earth. 18.2 And I saw the cornerstone of the Earth. And I saw the four winds which support the Earth and the sky. 18.3 And I saw how the winds stretch out the height of Heaven, and how they position themselves between Heaven and Earth; they are the Pillars of Heaven. 18.4 And I saw the winds which turn the sky and cause the disc of the Sun and all the stars to set. 18.5 And I saw the winds on the Earth which support the clouds and I saw The Book of Enoch 32 the paths of the Angels. I saw at the end of the Earth; the firmament of Heaven above. 18.6 And I went towards the south, and it was burning day and night, where there were seven mountains of precious stones, three towards the east and three towards the south. 18.7 And those towards the east were of coloured stone, and one was of pearl, and one of healing stone; and those towards the south, of red stone. 18.8 And the middle one reached to Heaven, like the throne of the Lord, of stibium, and the top of the throne was of sapphire. 18.9 And I saw a burning fire, and what was in all the mountains. 18.10 And I saw a place there, beyond the great earth; there the waters gathered together. 18.11 And I saw a deep chasm of the earth, with pillars of heavenly fire, and I saw among them fiery pillars of Heaven, which were falling, and as regards both height and depth, they were immeasurable. 18.12 And beyond this chasm, I saw a place, and it had neither the sky above it, nor the foundation of earth below it; there was no water on it, and no birds, but it was a desert place. 18.13 And a terrible thing I saw there, seven stars, like great burning mountains. 18.14 And like a spirit questioning me, the Angel said: “This is the place of the end of Heaven and Earth; this is the prison for the Stars of Heaven and the Host of Heaven. 18.15 And the stars which roll over the fire, these are the ones which transgressed the command of the Lord, from the beginning of their rising, because they did not come out at their proper times. 18.16 And He was angry with them, and bound them until the time of the consummation of their sin, in the Year of Mystery.” 19.1 And Uriel said to me: “The spirits of the Angels who were The Book of Enoch 33 promiscuous with women will stand here; and they, assuming many forms, made men unclean and will lead men astray so that they sacrifice to demons as gods. And they will stand there until the great judgment day, on which they will be judged, so that an end will be made of them. 19.2 And their wives, having led astray the Angels of Heaven, will become peaceful.” 19.3 And I, Enoch, alone saw the sight, the ends of everything; and no man has seen what I have seen. The Book of Enoch 34 Notes (8) THE ANGELS WHO KEEP WATCH (pages 35-37) Here we are introduced to some of the Watchers and then Enoch has a conversation with them. At first they discuss the punishment of the runaways then the afterlife in general. The Watchers may have provided some type of visual display since Enoch describes what he sees. The description at 22.2 is strange but compelling. The story of Cain and Abel is mentioned at 22.7 and in the next section the story of Adam and Eve is mentioned, at 32.6. So, these stories must have existed, in some form, even in Enoch's time. The Book of Enoch 35 8) THE ANGELS WHO KEEP WATCH 20.1 And these are the names of the Holy Angels who keep watch. 20.2 Uriel, one of the Holy Angels; namely the Holy Angel of the Spirits of Men. 20.4 Raguel, one of the Holy Angels; who takes vengeance on the world, and on the lights. 20.5 Michael, one of the Holy Angels, namely the one put in charge of the best part of humankind, in charge of the nation. 20.6 Saraqael, one of the Holy Angels; who is in charge of the spirits of men who cause the spirits to sin. 20.7 Gabriel, one of the Holy Angels, who is in charge of the Serpents, and the Garden, and the Cherubim. 21.1 And I went round to a place where nothing was made. 21.2 And I saw a terrible thing, neither the High Heaven nor the firm ground, but a desert place, prepared and terrible. 21.3 And there, I saw seven Stars of Heaven, bound on it together, like great mountains, and burning like fire. 21.4 Then I said: “For what sin have they been bound, and why have they been thrown here?” 21.5 And Uriel, one of the Holy Angels, who was with me and led me, spoke to me and said: "Enoch, about whom do you ask? About whom do you inquire, ask, and care? 21.6 These are some of the stars which transgressed the command of the Lord Most High, and they have been bound here until ten thousand ages are completed; the number of days of their sin." 21.7 And from there I went to another place, more terrible than this. And I saw a terrible thing: there was a great fire there, which burnt and blazed. And the place had a cleft reaching into the abyss, full of great pillars of fire, The Book of Enoch 36 which were made to fall; neither its extent nor its size could I see, nor could I see its source. 21.8 Then I said: "How terrible this place is, and how painful to look at!" 21.9 Then Uriel, one of the Holy Angels, who was with me, answered me. He answered me and said to me: "Enoch, why do you have such fear and terror because of this terrible place, and before this pain?" 21.10 And he said to me: "This place is the prison of the Angels, and there they will be held for ever." 22.1 And from there, I went to another place, and he showed me in the west a large and high mountain, and a hard rock, and four beautiful places. 22.2 And inside, it was deep, wide, and very smooth. How smooth is that which rolls, and deep and dark to look at! 22.3 Then Raphael, one of the Holy Angels who was with me, answered me, and said to me: "These beautiful places are there so that the spirits, the souls of the dead, might be gathered into them. For them they were created; so that here they might gather the souls of the sons of men. 22.4 And these places they made, where they will keep them until the Day of Judgment, and until their appointed time, and that appointed time will be long, until the great judgment comes upon them. 22.5 And I saw the spirits of the sons of men who were dead and their voices reached Heaven and complained. 22.6 Then I asked Raphael, the Angel who was with me, and said to him: "Whose is this spirit, whose voice thus reaches Heaven and complains?" 22.7 And he answered me, and said to me, saying: "This spirit is the one that came out of Abel, whom Cain, his brother, killed. And he will complain about him until his offspring are destroyed from the face of the Earth, and from amongst the offspring of men, his offspring perish." 22.8 Then I asked about him, and about judgment on all, and I said: "Why is one separated from another?" The Book of Enoch 37 22.9 And he answered me, and said to me: "These three places where made, in order that they might separate the spirits of the dead. And thus the souls of the righteous have been separated; this is the spring of water, and on it the light. 22.10 Likewise, a place has been created for sinners, when they die, and are buried in the earth, and judgment has not come upon them during their life. 22.11 And here their souls will be separated for this great torment, until the Great Day of Judgment and Punishment and Torment for those who curse, forever, and of vengeance on their souls. And there he will bind them forever. Verily, He is, from the beginning of the world. 22.12 And thus a place has been separated for the souls of those who complain, and give information about their destruction, about when they were killed, in the days of the sinners. 22.13 Thus a place has been created, for the souls of men who are not righteous, but sinners, accomplished in wrongdoing, and with the wrongdoers will be their lot. But their souls will not be killed on the day of judgment, nor will they rise from here." 22.14 Then I blessed the Lord of Glory, and said: "Blessed be my Lord, the Lord of Glory and Righteousness, who rules everything forever." 23.1 And from there I went to another place, towards the west, to the ends of the Earth. 23.2 And I saw a fire that burnt and ran, without resting or ceasing from running, by day or by night, but continued in exactly the same way. 23.3 And I asked saying: "What is this which has no rest?" 23.4 Then Raguel, one of the Holy Angels, who was with me, answered me, and said to me: “This burning fire, whose course you saw towards the west, is the fire of all the Lights of Heaven.” The Book of Enoch 38 Notes (9) THE FRAGRANT TREES (pages 39-44) In this section, Enoch is taken on another tour. At the beginning, 24.1, there is perhaps a volcano. Then the seven mountains again, 24.2-3, this time with more detail. From-24.3 to 25.6, there are the fragrant trees. These sound like cannabis to me. The description at 25.6 of "drawing the fragrance into the bones’’, is quite an apt description of smoking it. The part where it says, at 25.4, "no one will have authority to touch it,” could represent the present prohibition. At 31.1 Enoch mentions galbanum, this is one of the ingredients of the incense that was to be burned on the Incense Altar in the Tent of Appointment, Exodus 30:34. Also, at 32.3-6, the Tree of Wisdom also sounds like cannabis. Here we get a new insight into the Adam and Eve story. At 33.3-4, Enoch mentions how Uriel gave him notes on astronomy. These notes are in this book as sections 13, 14, and 16. The angel Zotiel is mentioned at 32.2, east of the Red Sea, there are suggestions based on weathering data that The Sphinx is much older (pre 10,000 BC) than the pyramids, so this is a possible candidate for Zotiel. The Book of Enoch 39 9) THE FRAGRANT TREES 24.1 And from there I went to another place of the Earth and he showed me a mountain of fire that blazed day and night. 24.2 And I went towards it and saw seven magnificent mountains. And all were different from one another, and precious and beautiful stones, and all were precious, and their appearance glorious, and their form was beautiful. Three towards the east one fixed firmly on another and three towards the south one on another, and deep and rugged valleys, no one of which was near another. 24.3 And there was a seventh mountain, in the middle of these, and in their height they were all like the seat of a throne and fragrant trees surrounded it. 24.4 And there was among them a tree such as which I have never smelt, and none of them, or any others, were like it. It smells more fragrant than any fragrance, and its leaves, and its flowers, and its wood never wither. Its fruit is good, and its fruit is like bunches of dates on a palm. 24.5 And then I said: "Behold, this beautiful tree! Beautiful to look at, and pleasant are its leaves, and its fruit very delightful in appearance." 24.6 And then Michael, one of the Holy and Honoured Angels, who was with me, and was in charge of them, 25.1 answered me and said to me: “Enoch, why do you ask me about the fragrance of this tree, and why do you inquire to learn?” 25.2 Then I, Enoch, answered him saying: “I wish to learn about everything, but especially about this tree.” 25.3 And he answered me, saying: “This high mountain, which you saw, whose summit is like the Throne of the Lord, is the throne where the Holy and Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when he comes down to visit the Earth for good. The Book of Enoch 40 25.4 And this beautiful and fragrant tree, and no creature of flesh has authority to touch it until the great judgment, when he will take vengeance on all and bring everything to a consummation forever, this will be given to the righteous and the humble. 25.5 From its fruit, life will be given to the chosen; towards the north it will be planted, in a Holy place, by the house of the Lord, the Eternal King. 25.6 Then they will rejoice with joy and be glad in the Holy place. They will each draw the fragrance of it into their bones, and they will live a long life on earth, as your fathers lived. And in their days sorrow and pain, and toil and punishment, will not touch them.” 25.7 Then I blessed the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, because he has prepared such things for righteous men, and has created such things, and said that they are to be given to them. 26.1 And from there, I went to the middle of the earth, and saw a blessed, well watered place, which had branches which remained alive, and sprouted from a tree which had been cut down. 26.2 And there I saw a holy mountain, and under the mountain, to the east of it, there was water, and it flowed towards the south. 26.3 And I saw towards the east, another mountain, which was of the same height, and between them, there was a deep and narrow valley; and in it, a stream ran by the mountain. 26.4 And to the west of this one, was another mountain, which was lower than it was and not high; and under it, there was a valley between them. And there were other deep and dry valleys at the end of the three mountains. 26.5 And all the valleys were deep and narrow, of hard rock, and trees were planted on them. 26.6 And I was amazed at the rock, and I was amazed at the valley; I was very much amazed. The Book of Enoch 41 27.1 Then I said: "What is the purpose of this blessed land, which is completely full of trees, and of this accursed valley in the middle of them?" 27.2 Then Raphael, one of the Holy Angels who was with me, answered me, and said to me: "This accursed valley, is for those who are cursed for ever. Here will be gathered together all who speak with their mouths against the Lord - words that are not fitting, and say hard things about His Glory. Here they will gather them together, and here will be their place of judgment. 27.3 And in the last days there will be the spectacle of the righteous judgment upon them, in front of the righteous, forever. For here, the merciful will bless the Lord of Glory the Eternal King. 27.4 And in the days of the judgment on them they will bless Him, on account of his mercy, according as He has assigned to them their lot." 27.5 Then I myself blessed the Lord of Glory, I addressed Him, and I remembered His majesty, as was fitting. 28.1 And from there, I went towards the east, to the middle of the mountain of the wilderness, and I saw only desert. 28.2 But it was full of trees from this seed and water gushed out over it from above. 28.3 The torrent, which flowed towards the northwest, seemed copious, and from all sides, there went up spray and mist. 29.1 And I went to another place, away from the wilderness; I came near to the east of this mountain. 29.2 And there I saw Trees of Judgment, especially vessels of the fragrance of incense and myrrh, and the trees were not alike. 30.1 And above it, above these, above the mountains of the east, and not far away, I saw another place, valleys of water, like that which does not fail. 30.2 And I saw a beautiful tree, and its fragrance was like that of the mastic. The Book of Enoch 42 30.3 And by the banks of these valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond those valleys I came towards the east. 31.1 And I saw another mountain on which there were trees, and there flowed out water, and there flowed out from it, as it were, a nectar whose name is styrax and galbanum. 31.2 And beyond this mountain I saw another mountain, and on it there were aloe trees, and those trees were full of a fruit, which is like an almond, and is hard. 31.3 And when they take this fruit it is better than any fragrance. 32.1 And after these fragrances, to the north, as I looked over the mountains, I saw seven mountains full of fine nard, and fragrant trees of cinnamon and pepper. 32.2 And from there, I went over the summits of those mountains, far away to the east, and I went over the Red Sea, and I was far from it, and I went over the Angel Zotiel. 32.3 And I came to the Garden of Righteousness, and I saw beyond those trees many large trees growing there, sweet smelling, large, very beautiful and glorious, the Trees of Wisdom, from which they eat and know great wisdom. 32.4 And it is like the carob tree, and its fruit is like bunches of grapes on a vine, very beautiful, and the smell of this tree spreads and penetrates afar. 32.5 And I said: "This tree is beautiful! How beautiful and pleasing is its appearance!" 32.6 And the Holy Angel Raphael, who was with me, answered me and said to me: "This is the Tree of Wisdom, from which your ancient father and ancient mother, who were before you, ate and learnt wisdom; and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they were driven from the garden." 33.1 And from there I went to the ends of the earth, and I saw there large The Book of Enoch 43 animals, each different from the other, and also birds, which differed in form, beauty, and call - each different from the other. 33.2 And to the east of these animals, I saw the ends of the Earth, on which Heaven rests, and the open Gates of Heaven. 33.3 And I saw how the stars of Heaven come out, and counted the Gates out of which they come, and wrote down all their outlets, for each one, individually, according to their number. And their names, according to their constellations, their positions, their times, and their months, as the Angel Uriel, who was with me, showed me. 33.4 And he showed me everything, and wrote it down, and also their names he wrote down for me, and their laws and their functions. 34.1 And from there I went towards the north, to the ends of the Earth, and there I saw a great and glorious wonder at the ends of the whole Earth. 34.2 And there I saw three Gates of Heaven; through each of them north winds go out; when they blow there is cold, hail, hoarfrost, snow, fog, and rain. 34.3 And from one Gate, it blows for good; but when they blow through the other two Gates, it is with force, and it brings torment over the earth, and they blow with force. 35.1 And from there I went towards the west, to the ends of the Earth, and I saw there, as I saw in the east, three open Gates - as many Gates and as many outlets. 36.1 And from there I went towards the south, to the ends of the Earth, and there I saw three Gates of Heaven open; and the south wind, the mist, and the rain, and wind, come out from there. 36.2 And from there I went towards the east of the ends of Heaven, and there I saw the three eastern Gates of Heaven open, and above them, there were smaller Gates. 36.3 Through each of these smaller Gates, the stars of Heaven pass, and go The Book of Enoch 44 towards the west, on the path that has been shown to them. 36.4 And when I saw, I blessed, and I will always bless the Lord of Glory, who has made Great and Glorious Wonders so that he might show the greatness of His Work, to His Angels, and to the souls of men, so that they might praise His Work. And so that all his creatures might see the work of His Power, and praise the great work of His Hands, and bless Him forever! The Book of Enoch 45 Notes (10) THE BOOK OF METHUSELAH (pages 46-48) This short section has many interesting features. The story is set some years later. Methuselah is now head of the family (since Enoch went off to live with the Angels, (see 81.6), a year after he wrote the book). Methuselah's son Lamech is now grown up, and his first son is born. At 106.2, we get a description of the child who will be named Noah. It seems he had white or blonde hair, a red birthmark, and perhaps blue eyes. Even more surprising, at 106.5, we learn that this is what the Watchers look like. If some of the wives of Enoch's family were descended from the runaways, then Lamech could easily have had an unexpectedly blonde-haired child. Lamech is disturbed about his baby's unusual appearance, and goes to see Methuselah. This section seems to have been written by Methuselah, to reassure his son about the birth, written as though a reply from Enoch himself. Methuselah claims he went and spoke to Enoch, but I suspect that this is just a device, in order to give enough authority to the message, so that Lamech can be reassured. The naming of Noah at 107.3 is interesting, since it links the name to the word comfort. Noah still sounds like the Hebrew word for comfort, and a similar story is told at Genesis 5:29. The Book of Enoch 46 10) THE BOOK OF METHUSELAH 106.1 And after those days my son Methuselah chose a wife for his son Lamech and she became pregnant by him and bore a son. 106.2 And his body was white like snow, and red like the flower of a rose, and the hair of his head was white like wool. And his eyes were beautiful and when he opened his eyes he made the whole house bright, like the Sun, so that the whole house was exceptionally bright. 106.3 And when he was taken from the hand of the midwife he opened his mouth and spoke to the Lord of Righteousness. 106.4 And his father Lamech was afraid of him, and fled, and went to his father Methuselah. 106.5 And he said to him: "I have begotten a strange son; he is not like a man but is like the children of the Angels of Heaven, of a different type and not like us. And his eyes are like the rays of the Sun and his face glorious. 106.6 And it seems to me that he is not sprung from me but from the Angels and I am afraid that something extraordinary may be done on the earth in his days. 106.7 And now, my father, I am entreating you and petitioning you, to go to our father Enoch, and learn from him the truth, for his dwelling is with the Angels." 106.8 And when Methuselah heard the words of his son he came to me, at the ends of the Earth, for he had heard that I was there. And he cried out, and I heard his voice and went to him. And I said to him: "Behold I am here my son, for you have come to me." 106.9 And he answered me, and said: "Because of a great matter I have come to you, and because of a disturbing vision, have I come near. 106.10 And now hear me, my father, for a child has been born to my son Lamech, whose form and type are not like the type of a man. His colour is The Book of Enoch 47 whiter than snow, and redder than the flower of the rose, and the hair of his head is whiter than white wool. And his eyes are like the rays of the Sun; and he opened his eyes and made the whole house bright. 106.11 And he was taken from the hand of the midwife, and he opened his mouth, and blessed the Lord of Heaven. 106.12 And his father Lamech was afraid and fled to me. And he does not believe he is sprung from him but thinks him to be from the Angels of Heaven. And behold, I have come to you, so that you may make known to me the truth." 106.13 And I, Enoch, answered and said to him: "The Lord will do new things on Earth, and this I have already seen in a vision, and made known to you. For in the generation of my father, Jared, some from the height of Heaven transgressed the word of the Lord. 106.14 And behold, they commit sin and transgress the law, and have been promiscuous with women, and commit sin with them, and have married some of them, and have begotten children by them. 106.15 And there will be great destruction over the whole Earth, and there will be a deluge, and there will be great destruction for one year. 106.16 But this child, who has been born to you, will be left on the Earth, and his three sons will be saved with him. When all the men who are on the Earth die he and his sons will be saved. 106.17 They will beget on the Earth giants, not of spirit, but of flesh, and there will be great wrath on Earth, and the Earth will be cleansed of all corruption. 106.18 And now make known to your son Lamech that the one who has been born is truly his son. And call his name Noah, for he will be a remnant for you and he and his sons will be saved from the destruction which is coming on the earth because of all the sin and all the iniquity, which will be committed on the Earth in his days. The Book of Enoch 48 106.19 But after this, there will be yet greater iniquity than that which was committed on the earth before. For I know the mysteries of the Holy Ones, for the Lord showed them to me and made them known to me, and I read them in the Tablets of Heaven. 107.1 And I saw written on them, that generation upon generation will do wrong, until a generation of righteousness shall arise, and wrongdoing shall be destroyed, and sin shall depart from the earth, and everything good shall come upon it. 107.2 And now, my son, go, make known to your son Lamech, that this child that has been born, is truly his son, and this is no lie. 107.3 And when Methuselah had heard the words of his father Enoch - for he showed him everything which is secret - he returned, having seen him, and called the name of that child Noah; for he will comfort the Earth after all the destruction. The Book of Enoch 49 Notes (11) THE BOOK OF NOAH (pages 50-53) Noah's book was probably written when he was the head of the family and like Methuselah he claims to speak with Enoch. He seems to have written this before the flood; and once again there are some interesting details. The most important passage is at 67.2. This indicates that the boat is being constructed at the time of writing. Noah may have written this piece in order to persuade his sons to come and live with him, inside "the wooden structure.” Noah may not have seen a boat like this before, and perhaps was not sure what to call it. There seems to be a background of unusual geological events. At the beginning, 65.1, Noah says the earth has tilted, later, at 67.11, he says the Hot Springs became cold. This does fit with the theories of Charles Hapgood in his book ‘The Path of the Pole’ where he suggests that the huge ice melt (that probably caused the flood) occurred when the poles shifted – perhaps due to an impact from space. The North Pole shifted from Hudson’s Bay to its present position. At 65.3 Noah says the earth is ‘afflicted and shaken’ and he does seem quite alarmed by it. There is also talk of molten metal and a smell of sulphur, 67.6, but this may be pollution from the metalworking described at 65.7. Production of metals, and weapons, may have become quite large scale by Noah's time. The Book of Enoch 50 11) THE BOOK OF NOAH 65.1 And in those days, Noah saw the Earth had tilted and that its destruction was near. 65.2 And he set off from there and went to the ends of the Earth and cried out to his great-grandfather Enoch; and Noah said three times in a bitter voice: "Hear me, hear me, hear me!" 65.3 And he said to him: "Tell me, what is it that is being done on the Earth, that the Earth is so afflicted and shaken, lest I be destroyed with it!" 65.4 And immediately there was a great disturbance on the Earth and a voice was heard from Heaven and I fell upon my face. 65.5 And my great-grandfather Enoch came, stood by me, and said to me: "Why did you cry out to me, with such bitter crying and weeping? 65.6 And a command has gone out from the Lord against those who dwell upon the dry ground that this must be their end. For they have learnt all the secrets of the Angels, and all the wrongdoings of the satans, and all their secret power, and all the power of those who practice magic arts, and the power of enchantments, and the power of those who cast molten images for all the Earth. 65.7 And further, how silver is produced from the dust of the earth and how soft metal occurs on the earth. 65.8 For lead and tin are not produced from the earth, like the former; there is a spring which produces them, and an Angel who stands in it, and that Angel distributes them." 65.9 And after this, my great-grandfather Enoch took hold of me with his hand, and raised me, and said to me: "Go, for I have asked the Lord of Spirits about this disturbance on the earth." 65.10 And he said to me: “Because of their iniquity, their judgment has been completed, and they will no longer be counted before me; because of The Book of Enoch 51 the sorceries they have searched out and learnt, the Earth and those who dwell upon it will be destroyed. 65.11 And for these, there will be no place of refuge, for ever, for they showed to them what is secret, and they have been condemned; but not so for you, my son; the Lord of Spirits knows that you are pure and innocent of this reproach concerning the secrets. 65.12 And he has established your name among the Holy, and will keep you from amongst those who dwell upon the dry ground; and he has destined your offspring in righteousness, to be kings, and for great honours. And from your offspring will flow out a spring of the Righteous and Holy, without number forever.” 66.1 And after this, he showed me the Angels of Punishment, who were ready to come and release all the forces of the water, which is under the earth, in order to bring judgment and destruction on all those who reside and dwell upon the dry ground. 66.2 And the Lord of Spirits commanded the Angels who were coming out, not to raise their hands, but to keep watch; for those Angels were in charge of the forces of the waters. 66.3 And I came out from before Enoch. 67.1 And in those days, the word of the Lord came to me, and he said to me: "Noah, behold; your lot has come up before me, a lot without reproach, a lot of love and uprightness. 67.2 And now the Angels are making a wooden structure, and when the Angels come out from that task, I will put my hand on it, and keep it safe. And a change shall take place so that the dry ground may not remain empty. 67.3 And I will establish your offspring before me, forever and ever, and I will scatter those who dwell with you, over the face of the dry ground. I will not again put them to the test, on the face of the Earth, but they will be The Book of Enoch 52 blessed and increase on the dry ground in the name of the Lord." 67.4 And they will shut up those Angels, who showed iniquity, in that burning valley, which my great-grandfather Enoch had shown to me previously, in the west, near the mountains of gold and silver and iron and soft metal and tin. 67.5 And I saw that valley, in which there was a great disturbance, and a heaving of the waters. 67.6 And when all this happened, from the fiery molten metal, and the disturbance, which disturbed the waters in that place, a smell of sulphur was produced, and it was associated with those waters. And that valley of the Angels, who led men astray, burns under the ground. 67.7 And through the valleys of that same area, flow out rivers of fire where those Angels will be punished, who led astray those on the dry ground. 67.8 And in those days, those waters will serve the kings, and the mighty, and the exalted, and those who dwell upon dry ground, for the healing of soul and body, but also for the punishment of the spirit. And their spirits are so full of lust that they will be punished in their bodies, for they denied the Lord of Spirits. And they see their punishment every day yet they do not believe in His Name. 67.9 And the more their bodies are burnt, the more a change will come over their spirits, for ever and ever; for no one can speak an idle word in front of the Lord of Spirits. 67.10 For judgment will come upon them, for they believe in the lust of their bodies, but deny the spirit of the Lord. 67.11 And those same waters will undergo a change in those days; for when those Angels are punished in those days, the temperature of those springs of water will change, and when the Angels come up, that water of the springs will change, and become cold. The Book of Enoch 53 67.12 And I heard the Holy Michael answering and saying: "This judgment, with which the Angels are judged, is a testimony for the kings and the mighty who possess the dry ground. 67.13 For these waters of judgment serve for the healing of the bodies of the kings, and for the lust of their bodies; but they do not see, and do not believe, that these waters will change, and will become a fire which burns forever." 68.1 And after this, my great-grandfather Enoch gave me the explanation of all the secrets, in a book, and the parables that had been given to him; and he put them together for me, in the words of the Book of Parables. The Book of Enoch 54 Notes (12) THE BOOK OF PARABLES (pages 55-85) This part of Enoch's book is introduced by a quote from the "Holy One,” at 37.3; this is the headman of the Watchers, and what he says is almost an apology. Enoch's parables are actually three essays, which outline the future path of spiritual enlightenment, as explained to him by the Holy One. The content of the second two parables is similar; the main theme is a Messiah, who will bring guidance at the correct time. This eventually brings about an age of enlightenment, where the souls of the righteous can live in peace. The Book of Enoch 55 12) THE BOOK OF PARABLES 37.1 The second vision that he saw, the vision of wisdom, which Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Malalel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, saw. 37.2 And this is the beginning of the words of wisdom, which I raised my voice to speak, and say. “To those who dwell on dry ground: - Hear, you men of old, and see, those who come after; the words of the Holy One, which I will speak, in front of the Lord of Spirits.” 37.3 “It would have been better to have said these things before, but from those who come after, we will not withhold the beginning of wisdom.” 37.4 Until now, there has not been given, by the Lord of Spirits, such wisdom as I have received. In accordance with my insight, in accordance with the wish of the Lord of Spirits: by whom the lot of eternal life has been given to me. 37.5 And the three parables were imparted to me and I raised my voice, and said to those who dwell on the dry ground: - The Book of Enoch 56 Notes The First Parable. (Pages 56-62) The first part of this parable is possibly a description of a holy place set in the future; Enoch seems to consider it a description of the Watchers home also, since at 39.8, he reveals that he is being allowed to live there, with them. ‘Those who do not sleep’ (see 39.12 and 71.7) are mentioned often. These are the seraphim, cherubim, and ophannim, the non-human angels, who do not need to sleep. Enoch never describes them, so it is difficult to know what he had in mind. Most of this parable is a description of how four of the Watchers showed Enoch everything. The Book of Enoch 57 38.1 The First Parable. When the community of the righteous appears and the sinners are judged for their sins and are driven from the face of the dry ground. 38.2 And when the Righteous One appears, in front of the chosen righteous, whose works are weighed by the Lord of Spirits. And when light appears to the righteous and chosen who dwell on the dry ground. Where will be the dwelling of the sinners? And where will be the restingplace of those who denied the Lord of Spirits? It would have been better for them, if they had not been born. 38.3 And when the secrets of the righteous are revealed, the sinners will be judged, and the impious driven from the presence of the righteous and the chosen. 38.4 And from then on, those who possess the earth will not be mighty and exalted. Nor will they be able to look at the face of the Holy ones, for the light of the Lord of the Spirits will have appeared on the face of the Holy, the righteous, and the chosen. 38.5 And the mighty kings will at that time be destroyed and given into the hand of the righteous and the Holy. 38.6 And from then on no one will be able to seek the Lord of Spirits for their life will be at an end. 39.1 And it will come to pass in these days that the chosen and holy children will come down from the high Heavens and their offspring will become one with the sons of men. 39.2 In those days Enoch received books of indignation and anger and books of tumult and confusion. And there will be no mercy for them, says the Lord of Spirits. 39.3 And at that time clouds and a storm wind carried me off from the face of the earth and set me down at the end of Heaven. 39.4 And there I saw another vision; the Dwelling of the Righteous and the The Book of Enoch 58 Resting-Places of the Holy. 39.5 There my eyes saw their dwelling with the Angels, and their resting places with the Holy Ones, and they were petitioning and supplicating and praying, on behalf of the sons of men; and righteousness, like water, flowed in front of them, and mercy like dew on the ground. Thus it is among them forever and ever. 39.6 And in those days my eyes saw the Place of the Chosen Ones of Righteousness and Faith; and there will be righteousness in their days, and the righteous and chosen will be without number, in front of him, forever and ever. 39.7 And I saw their dwelling, under the Wings of the Lord of Spirits, and all the righteous and chosen shone in front of him, like the light of fire. And their mouths were full of blessing, and their lips praised the name of the Lord of Spirits. And righteousness will not fail in front of him, and truth will not fail in front of him. 39.8 There I wished to dwell, and my soul longed for that dwelling; there had my lot been assigned before, for thus it was decided about me, in front of the Lord of Spirits. 39.9 And in those days I praised and exalted the name of the Lord of Spirits, with blessing and praise, for he has destined me for blessing and praise, in accordance with the Lord of Spirits. 39.10 And for a long time my eyes looked at that place, and I blessed him and praised him, saying: "Blessed is He, and may He be blessed from the beginning and for ever!" 39.11 And in his presence there is no end. He knew before the world was created what the world would be, even for all the generations that are to come. 39.12 Those who do not sleep bless you, and they stand before Your Glory, and bless and praise and exalt, saying: "Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord of Spirits; The Book of Enoch 59 he fills the earth with spirits." 39.13 And there, my eyes saw all those who do not sleep; standing in front of Him, and blessing, and saying: "Blessed are you, and blessed is the name of the Lord, for ever and ever!" 39.14 And my face was transformed until I was unable to see. 40.1 And after this I saw a thousand thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand! A multitude beyond number, or reckoning, who stood in front of the Glory of the Lord of Spirits. 40.2 I looked, and on the four sides of the Lord of Spirits, I saw four figures, different from those who were standing; and I learnt their names, because the Angel who went with me made known their names, and showed me all the secret things. 40.3 And I heard the voices of those four figures as they sang praises in front of the Lord of Glory. 40.4 The first voice blesses the Lord of Spirits forever and ever. 40.5 And the second voice I heard blessing the Chosen One and the chosen who depend on the Lord of Spirits. 40.6 And the third voice I heard, petitioned, and prayed, on behalf of those who dwell on dry ground and supplicate in the name of the Lord of Spirits. 40.7 And the fourth voice I heard driving away the Satans and not allowing them to come in front of the Lord of Spirits to accuse those who dwell on the high ground. 40.8 And after this I asked the Angel of Peace, who went with me, and showed me everything which is secret: "Who are those four figures, whom I have seen, and whose words I have heard and written down?" 40.9 And he said to me: "This first one, is the Holy Michael, the merciful and long-suffering. And the second, who is in charge of all the diseases, and in charge of all the wounds of the sons of men, is Raphael. And the third, who is in charge of all the powers, is the Holy Gabriel. And the The Book of Enoch 60 fourth, who is in charge of repentance and hope of those who will inherit eternal life, is Phanuel.” 40.10 And these are the four Angels of the Lord Most High; and the four voices that I heard in those days. 41.1 And after this, I saw all the secrets of Heaven, and how the Kingdom is divided, and how the deeds of men are weighed in the Balance. 41.2 There I saw the Dwelling of the Chosen, and the Resting Places of the Holy; and my eyes saw there all the sinners who deny the name of the Lord of Spirits being driven from there. And they dragged them off, and they were not able to remain, because of the punishment that went out from the Lord of Spirits. 41.3 And there my eyes saw the secrets of the flashes of lightning and of the thunder. And the secrets of the winds, how they are distributed in order to blow over the earth, and the secrets of the clouds, and of the dew; and there I saw from where they go out, in that place. And how, from there, the dust of the earth is saturated. 41.4 And there I saw closed storehouses from which the winds are distributed, and the storehouse of the hail, and the storehouse of the mist, and the storehouse of the clouds; and its cloud remained over the earth, from the beginning of the world. 41.5 And I saw the Chambers of the Sun and the Moon, where they go out, and where they return. And their glorious return; and how one is more honoured than the other is. And their magnificent course, and how they do not leave their course, neither adding nor subtracting from their course. And how they keep faith in one another, observing their oath. 41.6 And the Sun goes out first, and completes its journey at the command of the Lord of Spirits - and his Name endures forever and ever. 41.7 And after this is the hidden, and visible, path of the Moon, and it travels the course of its journey, in that place, by day and by night. One The Book of Enoch 61 stands opposite the other, in front of the Lord of Spirits, and they give thanks, and sing praise, and do not rest, because their thanksgiving is like rest to them. 41.8 For the shining Sun makes many revolutions; for a blessing and for a curse. And the path of the journey of the Moon is for the righteous light but for the sinners; darkness. In the Name of the Lord, who has created a division between light and darkness, and has divided the spirits of men, and has established the spirits of the righteous, in the name of His Righteousness. 41.9 For no Angel hinders, and no power is able to hinder, because the judge sees them all, and judges them all Himself. 42.1 Wisdom found no place where she could dwell, and her dwelling was in Heaven. 42.2 Wisdom went out, in order to dwell among the sons of men, but did not find a dwelling; wisdom returned to her place, and took her seat in the midst of the Angels. 42.3 And iniquity came out from her chambers; those whom she did not seek she found, and dwelt among them, like rain in the desert, and like dew on the parched ground. 43.1 And again I saw flashes of lightning and the stars of Heaven, and I saw how He called them all by their names, and they obeyed Him. 43.2 And I saw the Balance of Righteousness, how they are weighed according to their light, according to the width of their areas, and the day of their appearing. And how their revolutions produce lightning, and I saw their revolutions, according to the number of the Angels, and how they keep faith with one another. 43.3 And I asked the Angel, who went with me and showed me what is secret: "What are these?" 43.4 And he said to me: "Their likeness, the Lord of Spirits has shown to The Book of Enoch 62 you; these are the names of the righteous who, dwell on the dry ground and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever." 44.1 And other things I saw concerning lightning, how some of the stars rise and become lightning but cannot lose their form. The Book of Enoch 63 Notes The Second Parable. (Pages 64-73) Here we are introduced to some new characters, there is the Chosen One, or Messiah, and The Head of Days or ‘ancient of days’ (see also 71.10) who appears in Daniel 7:9-10 and seems to represent God. It is a bit confusing that Enoch sees characters from the future. It may be that the Watchers presented this to Enoch as a theatrical drama so that he could see it and ask questions at the same time. It was no doubt a deliberate policy not to give actual names so that different readers in different eras would assume they new the names. When I read this, I think it obviously refers to Jesus, but many ages had a ‘chosen one’. The number of righteousness (47.4), that is reached, may refer to the twelve times twelve thousand predicted to survive in the biblical Book of Revelations. Sheol is mentioned at 51.1, it is the name for hell used in early times and it is also mentioned in the book of Genesis and book of Job, it means ‘the grave’ - but more than just a hole in the ground. The mountains leap like rams at 51.4, this phrase also occurs in the bible (Psalms 114.4 & 6). There is a rare mentioning of place names at 56.5 - Parthia and Medes - these were ancient kingdoms in the Iran\Iraq area. This is the area where Enoch probably lived but it is difficult to know whether he originally used these names in his book, or whether later translators substituted in their own names for the areas that they thought were being referred to. The Book of Enoch 64 45.1 And this is The Second Parable. About those who deny the Name of the Dwelling of the Holy Ones and of the Lord of Spirits. 45.2 They will not ascend into Heaven nor will they come upon the earth; such will be the lot of the sinners who deny the Name of the Lord of Spirits who will thus be kept for the Day of Affliction and Distress. 45.3 “On that day the Chosen One will sit on the Throne of Glory and will choose their works. And their resting places will be without number and their spirits within them will grow strong when they see My Chosen One and those who appeal to My Holy and Glorious Name. 45.4 And on that day I will cause My Chosen One to dwell among them and I will transform Heaven and make it an Eternal Blessing and Light. 45.5 And I will transform the dry ground and make it a blessing, and I will cause My Chosen Ones to dwell upon it; but those who commit sin and evil will not tread upon it. 45.6 For I have seen, and have satisfied with peace, My Righteous Ones, and have placed them in front of Me; but for the sinners My Judgement draws near so that I may destroy them from the face of the earth.” 46.1 And there I saw one who had a ‘Head of Days’ and his head was white like wool. And with him there was another whose face had the appearance of a man and his face was full of grace like one of the Holy Angels. 46.2 And I asked one of the Holy Angels, who went with me and showed me all the secrets, about that Son of Man, who he was, and from where he was, and why he went with the Head of Days. 46.3 And he answered me, and said to me: "This is the Son of Man who has righteousness and with whom righteousness dwells. He will reveal all the treasures of that which is secret, for the Lord of Spirits has chosen him, and through uprightness his lot has surpassed all others, in front of the Lord of Spirits, forever. The Book of Enoch 65 46.4 And this Son of Man, who you have seen, will rouse the kings and the powerful from their resting places, and the strong from their thrones, and will loose the reins of the strong, and will break the teeth of the sinners. 46.5 And he will cast down the kings from their thrones, and from their kingdoms, for they do not exalt him, and do not praise him, and do not humbly acknowledge from where their kingdom was given to them. 46.6 And he will cast down the faces of the strong and shame will fill them, and darkness will be their dwelling, and worms will be their resting place. And they will have no hope of rising from their resting-places, for they do not exalt the name of the Lord of Spirits. 46.7 And these are they who judge the Stars of Heaven, and raise their hands against the Most High, and trample upon the dry ground, and dwell upon it. And all their deeds show iniquity, and their power rests on their riches, and their faith is in their gods that they have made with their hands, and they deny the name of the Lord of Spirits. 46.8 And they will be driven from the houses of his congregation, and of the faithful, who depend on the Name of the Lord of Spirits. 47.1 And in those days, the prayer of the righteous, and the blood of the righteous will have ascended from the Earth in front of the Lord of Spirits. 47.2 In these days the Holy Ones who live in Heaven above will unite with one voice, and supplicate, and pray, and praise, and give thanks, and bless, in the name of the Lord of Spirits. Because of the blood of the righteous that has been poured out. And because of the prayer of the righteous, so that it may not cease in front of the Lord of Spirits, so that justice might be done to them, and that their patience may not have to last forever." 47.3 And in those days, I saw the Head of Days sit down on the Throne of his Glory and the Books of the Living were opened in front of him and all His Host, which dwell in the Heavens above, and his Council were standing in front of Him. The Book of Enoch 66 47.4 And the hearts of the Holy Ones were full of joy that the number of righteousness had been reached, and the prayer of the righteous had been heard, and the blood of the righteous had not been required in front of the Lord of Spirits. 48.1 And in that place I saw an inexhaustible spring of righteousness and many springs of wisdom surrounded it, and all the thirsty drank from them and were filled with wisdom, and their dwelling was with the Righteous and the Holy and the Chosen. 48.2 And at that hour that Son of Man was named, in the presence of the Lord of Spirits, and his name brought to the Head of Days. 48.3 Even before the Sun and the constellations were created, before the Stars of Heaven were made, his name was named in front of the Lord of Spirits. 48.4 He will be a staff to the righteous and the Holy, so that they may lean on him and not fall, and he will be the Light of the Nations, and he will be the hope of those who grieve in their hearts. 48.5 All those who dwell upon the dry ground will fall down and worship in front of him, and they will bless, and praise, and celebrate with psalms, the name of the Lord of Spirits. 48.6 And because of this he was chosen, and hidden in front of Him, before the World was created, and forever. 48.7 But the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits has revealed him to the Holy and the righteous, for he has kept safe the lot of the righteous, for they have hated and rejected this world of iniquity. And all its works and its ways they have hated in the name of the Lord of Spirits. For in His name they are saved and he is the one who will require their lives. 48.8 And in those days the kings of the Earth, and the strong who possess the dry ground, will have downcast faces because of the works of their hands, for on the day of their distress and trouble they will not save The Book of Enoch 67 themselves. 48.9 And I will give them into the hands of my chosen ones; like straw in the fire, and like lead in water, so they will burn in front of the righteous, and sink in front of the Holy, and no trace will be found of them. 48.10 And on the day of their trouble there will be rest on the earth and they will fall down in front of him and will not rise. And there will be no one who will take them with his hands and raise them for they denied the Lord of Spirits and his Messiah. May the name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed! 49.1 For wisdom has been poured out like water and glory will not fail in front of Him forever and ever. 49.2 For He is powerful in all the secrets of righteousness and iniquity will pass away like a shadow, and will have no existence; for the Chosen One stands in front of the Lord of Spirits and His Glory is for ever and ever, and His Power for all generations. 49.3 And in Him dwell the spirit of wisdom, and the spirit that gives understanding, and the spirit of knowledge and of power, and the spirit of those who sleep in righteousness. 49.4 And he will judge the things that are secret, and no one will be able to say an idle word in front of him, for he has been chosen in front of the Lord of Spirits, in accordance with His wish. 50.1 And in those days a change will occur for the Holy and the chosen; the Light of Days will rest upon them, and glory and honour will return to the Holy. 50.2 And on the day of trouble, calamity will be heaped up over the sinners, but the righteous will conquer in the Name of the Lord of Spirits and He will show this to others so that they might repent and abandon the works of their hands. 50.3 And they will have no honour in front of the Lord of Spirits, but in His The Book of Enoch 68 Name they will be saved and the Lord of Spirits will have mercy on them, for his mercy is great. 50.4 And He is righteous in His judgment, and in front of His Glory iniquity will not be able to stand against His Judgment; he who does not repent will be destroyed. 50.5 "And from then on I will not have mercy on them," says the Lord of Spirits. 51.1 And in those days the Earth will return that which has been entrusted to it, and Sheol will return that which has been entrusted to it and that which it has received. And destruction will return what it owes. 51.2 And He will choose the Righteous and the Holy from among them; for the day has come near when they must be saved. 51.3 And in those days, the Chosen One will sit on his throne, and all the Secrets of Wisdom will flow out from the council of his mouth, for the Lord of Spirits has appointed him and glorified him. 51.4 And in those days the mountains will leap like rams, and the hills will skip like lambs satisfied with milk, and all will become Angels in Heaven. 51.5 Their faces will shine with joy, for in those days the Chosen One will have risen and the earth will rejoice. And the righteous will dwell upon it and the chosen will walk upon it. 52.1 And after those days, in that place where I had seen all the visions of that which is secret, for I had been carried off by a whirlwind, and they had brought me to the west. 52.2 There my eyes saw the secrets of Heaven; everything that will occur on Earth: a mountain of iron, and a mountain of copper, and a mountain of silver, and a mountain of gold, and a mountain of soft metal, and a mountain of lead. 52.3 And I asked the Angel who went with me, saying: "What are these things which I have seen in secret?" The Book of Enoch 69 52.4 And he said to me: "All these things which you have seen serve the authority of His Messiah, so that he may be strong and powerful on the Earth." 52.5 And that Angel of Peace answered me, saying: "Wait a little and you will see, and everything which is secret, which the Lord of Spirits has established, will be revealed to you. 52.6 And these mountains, that you have seen; the mountain of iron, and the mountain of copper, and the mountain of silver, and the mountain of gold, and the mountain of soft metal, and the mountain of lead. All these in front of the Chosen One will be like wax before fire, and like the water that comes down from above onto these mountains they will be weak under his feet. 52.7 And it will come to pass in those days, that neither by gold, nor by silver, will men save themselves; they will be unable to save themselves, or to flee. 52.8 And there will be neither iron for war nor material for a breastplate; bronze will be no use, and tin will be of no use and will count for nothing, and lead will not be wanted. 52.9 All these will be wiped out and destroyed from the face of the earth when the Chosen One appears in front of the Lord of Spirits." 53.1 And there my eyes saw a deep valley, and its mouth was open; and all those who dwell upon dry ground and the sea and the islands will bring gifts and presents and offerings to him, but that deep valley will not become full. 53.2 And their hands commit evil, and everything at which the righteous toil the sinners evilly devour; and so the sinners will be destroyed from in front of the Lord of Spirits, and will be banished from the face of His Earth, unceasingly for ever and ever. 53.3 For I saw the Angels of Punishment going and preparing all the The Book of Enoch 70 instruments of Satan. 53.4 And I asked the Angel of Peace, who went with me, and I said to him: "These instruments - for whom are they preparing them?" 53.5 And he said to me: "They are preparing these for the kings and the powerful of this Earth, so that by means of them they may be destroyed. 53.6 And after this the Righteous and Chosen One will cause the house of his congregation to appear; from then on, in the name of the Lord of Spirits, they will not be hindered. 53.7 And in front of him these mountains will not be firm like the earth, and the hills will be like a spring of water; and the righteous will have rest from the ill-treatment of the sinners." 54.1 And I looked, and turned to another part of the Earth, and I saw there a deep valley with burning fire. 54.2 And they brought the kings and powerful and threw them into that valley. 54.3 And there my eyes saw how they made instruments for them - iron chains of immeasurable weight. 54.4 And I asked the Angel of Peace, who went with me, saying: "These chain instruments - for whom are they being prepared?" 54.5 And he said to me: "These are being prepared for the hosts of Azazel, so that they may take them, and throw them into the lowest part of hell; and they will cover their jaws with rough stones, as the Lord of Spirits commanded. 54.6 And Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel - these will take hold of them on that great day. And throw them, on that day, into the furnace of burning fire, so that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their iniquity, in that they became servants of Satan, and led astray those who dwell upon the dry ground. 54.7 And in those days, the punishment of the Lord of Spirits will go out, The Book of Enoch 71 and all the storehouses of the waters which are above the sky and under the earth, will be opened. 54.8 And all the waters will be joined with the waters that are above the sky. The water that is above the sky is male and the water that is under the Earth is female. 54.9 And all those who dwell upon the dry ground, and those who dwell under the ends of Heaven, will be wiped out. 54.10 And because of this they will acknowledge their iniquity which they have committed on the Earth and through this they will be destroyed." 55.1 And after this, the Head of Days repented, and said: "I have destroyed to no purpose all those who dwell upon the dry ground." 55.2 And he swore by His Great Name: "From now on I will not act like this towards all those who dwell upon the dry ground. And I will put a sign in Heaven, and it will be a pledge of faith between me and them forever, so long as Heaven is above the Earth. 55.3 And this will be in accordance with my command. When I want to take hold of them with the hands of the Angels, on the day of distress and pain, in the face of my anger and my wrath, my wrath and anger will remain upon them" says the Lord, The Lord of Spirits. 55.4 "You powerful kings who dwell upon the dry ground will be obliged to watch my Chosen One sit down on the throne of My Glory, and judge, in the Name of the Lord of Spirits, Azazel and all his associates and all his hosts." 56.1 And I saw there the hosts of the Angels of Punishment, as they went, and they were holding chains of iron and bronze. 56.2 And I asked the Angel of Peace, who went with me, saying: "To whom are those who are holding the chains going?" 56.3 And he said to me: "Each to his own chosen ones, and to their beloved ones, so that they may be thrown into the chasm, in the depths of The Book of Enoch 72 the valley." 56.4 And then, that valley will be filled with their chosen and beloved ones, and the days of their life will be at an end, and the days of their leading astray will no longer be counted. 56.5 And in those days, the Angels will gather together, and will throw themselves towards the east, upon the Parthians and Medes. They will stir up the kings so that a disturbing spirit will come upon them, and they will drive them from their thrones; and they will come out like lions from their lairs, and like hungry wolves in the middle of their flocks. 56.6 And they will go up and trample on the Land of My Chosen Ones, and the land of my chosen ones will become before them a tramping-ground and a beaten track. 56.7 But the City of My Righteous Ones will be a hindrance to their horses, and they will stir up slaughter amongst themselves, and their own right hand will be strong against them. And a man will not admit to knowing his neighbour, or his brother, nor a son his father, or his mother, until, through their death, there are corpses enough; and their punishment - it will not be in vain. 56.8 And in those days Sheol will open its mouth and they will sink into it and their destruction; Sheol will swallow up the sinners in front of the faces of the chosen." 57.1 And it came to pass, after this, that I saw another host of chariots with men riding on them, and they came upon the wind from the east and from the west, to the south. 57.2 And the sound of the noise of their chariots was heard. And when this occurred the Holy Ones observed it from Heaven and the Pillars of the Earth were shaken from their foundations. And the sound was heard from the ends of the Earth to the ends of Heaven throughout one day. 57.3 And all will fall down and worship the Lord of Spirits. And this is the The Book of Enoch 73 end of the second parable. The Book of Enoch 74 Notes The Third Parable. (Pages 75-85) The two monsters mentioned at 60.7 are also mentioned in the book of Job possibly the oldest book in the Bible. See Job 40.15 & 41.1. Behemoth is "the beast" and Leviathan is "the monster of chaos,” but what they represent, in Enoch's book, is not made clear. At 60.10, the Watchers say it is a secret and then they soon change the subject. At 60.1 Enoch gives his age; it is written as 500 and not 50 in the Ethiopian copies. I feel this must be due to an ancient transcription error so I have substituted 50 as the most likely alternative. I suspect that Enoch had just had his exact age calculated by the Watchers, based on the story of his birth, which would be a rare thing to know in the days before calendars were in everyday use. The Book of Enoch 75 58.1 And I began to speak The Third Parable. About The Righteous and about The Chosen. 58.2 Blessed are you, the righteous and the chosen, for your lot will be glorious! 58.3 And the righteous will be in the light of the Sun and the chosen in the light of eternal life. And there will be no end to the days of their life and the days of the Holy will be without number. 58.4 And they will seek the light and will find righteousness with the Lord of Spirits. Peace be to the righteous with the Lord of the World! 58.5 And after this it will be said to the Holy that they should seek in Heaven the secrets of righteousness, the lot of faith; for it has become bright as the Sun upon the dry ground, and darkness has passed away. 58.6 And there will be ceaseless light, and to a limit of days, they will not come, for darkness will have been destroyed previously. And the light will endure in front of the Lord of Spirits, and the light of uprightness will endure in front of the Lord of Spirits, forever. 60.1 In the fiftieth year, in the seventh month, on the fourteenth day of the month of the life of Enoch. In that parable, I saw how the Heaven of Heavens was shaken violently, and the Host of the Most High and the Angels, a thousand thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, were extremely disturbed. 60.2 And then I saw the Head of Days sitting on the throne of his glory and the Angels and righteous were sitting around him. 60.3 And a great trembling seized me, and fear took hold of me, and my loins collapsed and gave way, and my whole being melted, and I fell upon my face. 60.4 And the Holy Michael sent another Holy Angel, one of the Holy Angels, and he raised me; and when he raised me my spirit returned, for I had been unable to endure the sight of that host, and the disturbance, and The Book of Enoch 76 the shaking of Heaven. 60.5 And the Holy Michael said to me: “What sight has disturbed you like this? Until today has the day of His mercy lasted and He has been merciful and long suffering towards those who dwell upon the dry ground. 60.6 And when the Day, and the Power, and the Punishment, and the Judgment come that the Lord of Spirits has prepared for those who worship the Righteous Judgment, and for those who deny the Righteous Judgment, and for those who take His name in vain - and that Day has been prepared. For the chosen a covenant, but for the sinners a visitation.” 60.7 And on that day two monsters will be separated from one another, a female monster whose name is Leviathan, to dwell in the depths of the sea, above the springs of the waters. 60.8 And the name of the male is Behemoth who occupies with his breast an immense desert named Dendayn on the east of the Garden where the chosen and the righteous dwell. Where my great-grandfather was received, who was seventh from Adam, the first man whom the Lord of Spirits made. 60.9 And I asked that other Angel to show me the power of those monsters, how they were separated on one day, and thrown, one into the depths of the sea and the other on to the dry ground of the desert. 60.10 And he said to me: “Son of man, you here wish to know what is secret.” 60.24 And the Angel of Peace who was with me, said to me: “These two monsters, prepared in accordance with the greatness of the Lord, will feed them that Punishment of the Lord. And children will be killed with their mothers and sons with their fathers. 60.25 When the punishment of the Lord of Spirits rests upon them it will remain resting so that the punishment of the Lord of Spirits may not come in vain upon these. Afterwards, the judgment will be according to His The Book of Enoch 77 mercy and His patience." 61.1 And in those days, I saw long cords given to those Angels and they acquired wings for themselves, and flew, and went towards the north. 61.2 And I asked the Angel, saying: “Why did these take the long cords, and go?” And he said to me: “They went so that they may measure.” 61.3 And the Angel who went with me, said to me: “These will bring the measurements of the righteous, and the ropes of the righteous, to the righteous, that they may rely on the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever. 61.4 The chosen will begin to dwell with the chosen, and these measurements will be given to faith, and will strengthen righteousness. 61.5 And these measurements will reveal all the secrets of the depths of the Earth, and those who were destroyed by the desert, and those who were devoured by the fish of the sea, and by animals, that they may return and rely on the Day of the Chosen One. For no one will be destroyed in front of the Lord of Spirits, and no one can be destroyed.” 61.6 And all those in the Heavens above received a command, and power, and one voice, and one light like fire was given to them. 61.7 And Him, before everything, they blessed, and exalted, and praised in wisdom. And they showed themselves wise in speech and in the spirit of life. 61.8 And the Lord of Spirits set the Chosen One on the throne of his glory, and he will judge all the works of the Holy ones in Heaven above, and in the Balance he will weigh their deeds. 61.9 And when he lifts his face to judge their secret ways according to the word of the name of the Lord of Spirits, and their path according to the way of the Righteous Judgment of the Lord Most High, they will all speak with one voice and bless, and praise, and exalt, and glorify, the Name of the The Book of Enoch 78 Lord of Spirits. 61.10 And he will call all the Host of the Heavens and all the Holy Ones above, and the Host of the Lord, the Cherubim, and the Seraphim, and the Ophannim, and all the Angels of Power, and all the Angels of the Principalities, and the Chosen One, and the other host that is upon the dry ground, and over the water, on that Day. 61.11 And they will raise one voice, and will bless, and praise, and glorify, and exalt, in the spirit of faith, and in the spirit of wisdom, and of patience, and in the spirit of mercy, and in the spirit of justice, and of peace, and in the spirit of goodness. And they will all say with one voice: “Blessed is He, and blessed be the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.” 61.12 All Those Who Do Not Sleep in Heaven above will bless him. All His Holy Ones who are in Heaven, will bless Him, and all the chosen ones who dwell in the Garden of Life, and every spirit able to bless, and praise and exalt, and hallow your Holy Name. And all flesh which to the limit of its power, will praise, and bless, your Name forever and ever. 61.13 For great is the mercy of the Lord of Spirits, and he is long-suffering; and all his works and all his forces, as many as he has made, he has revealed to the righteous and the chosen, in the Name of the Lord of Spirits. 62.1 And thus the Lord commanded the kings, and the mighty and the exalted, and those who dwell upon the earth, and said: “Open your eyes and raise your horns if you are able to acknowledge the Chosen One.” 62.2 And the Lord of Spirits sat on His Throne of Glory, and the spirit of righteousness was poured out on him, and the word of his mouth kills all the sinners and all the lawless, and they are destroyed in front of him. 62.3 And on that Day, all the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who possess the earth, will stand up and they will see and recognize how he sits on the Throne of His Glory. And the righteous are judged in righteousness, in front of him, and no idle word is spoken in front of him. The Book of Enoch 79 62.4 And pain will come upon them as upon a woman in labour, for whom giving birth is difficult when her child enters the mouth of the womb, and she has difficulty giving birth. 62.5 And one half of them will look at the other, and they will be terrified, and will cast down their faces, and pain will take hold of them when they see that son of a woman sitting on the throne of His Glory. 62.6 And the mighty kings, and all those who possess the earth, will praise and bless and exalt Him who rules everything that is hidden. 62.7 For from the beginning that Son of Man was hidden, and the Most High kept him in the presence of His power, and revealed him only to the chosen. 62.8 And the community of the Holy and the chosen will be sown and all the chosen will stand before him on that day. 62.9 And all the mighty kings, and the exalted, and those who rule the dry ground, will fall down before him, on their faces, and worship; and they will set their hopes on that Son of Man, and will entreat him, and will petition for mercy from him. 62.10 But the Lord of Spirits will then so press them that they will hasten to go out from before Him, and their faces will be filled with shame, and the darkness will grow deeper on their faces. 62.11 And the Angels of Punishment will take them so that they may repay them for the wrong that they did to His children and to His chosen ones. 62.12 And they will become a spectacle to the righteous and to His chosen ones; they will rejoice over them, for the anger of the Lord of Spirits will rest upon them, and the sword of the Lord of Spirits will be drunk with them. 62.13 And the righteous and the chosen will be saved on that Day and they will never see the faces of the sinners and the lawless from then on. 62.14 And the Lord of Spirits will remain over them and with that Son of The Book of Enoch 80 Man they will dwell, and eat, and lie down, and rise up, forever and ever. 62.15 And the righteous and chosen will have risen from the earth, and will have ceased to cast down their faces, and will have put on the Garment of Life. 62.16 And this will be a Garment of Life from the Lord of Spirits; and your garments will not wear out, and your glory will not fail, in front of the Lord of Spirits. 63.1 In those days, the mighty kings who possess the dry ground will entreat the Angels of His Punishment to whom they have been handed over so that they might give them a little respite. And so that they might fall down and worship in front of the Lord of Spirits, and confess their sins in front of Him. 63.2 And they will bless and praise the Lord of Spirits, and say: “Blessed be the Lord of Spirits, and the Lord of Kings, the Lord of the Mighty, and the Lord of the Rich, and the Lord of Glory, and the Lord of Wisdom! 63.3 And everything secret is clear, in front of You, and your power is for all generations, and your glory is forever and ever. Deep and without number are all your secrets and your righteousness is beyond reckoning. 63.4 Now we realize that we ought to praise and bless the Lord of Kings and the one who is King over all Kings.” 63.5 And they will say: “Would that we might be given a respite, so that we might praise and thank and bless him, and make our confession in front of His Glory. 63.6 And now we long for a respite, but do not find it; we are driven off and do not obtain it; and the light has passed away from before us, and darkness will be our dwelling forever and ever. 63.7 For we have not made our confession before him, and we have not praised the name of the Lord of Kings, and we have not praised the Lord for all his works, but our hopes have been on the sceptre of our kingdom, The Book of Enoch 81 and of our glory. 63.8 And on the day of our affliction and distress he does not save us, and we find no respite to make our confession that our Lord is faithful in all his doings, and in all his judgments and his justice, and that his judgments show no respect for persons. 63.9 And we pass away from in front of him because of all our works and all our sins have been counted exactly.” 63.10 Then they will say to them: “Our souls are sated with possessions gained through iniquity, but they do not prevent our going down into the flames of the torment of Sheol.” 63.11 And after this their faces will be filled with darkness and shame, in front of that Son of Man, and they will be driven away from him. And the sword will dwell among them - in front of Him. 63.12 And thus says the Lord of Spirits: “This is the Law and the Judgment for the mighty, and the kings, and the exalted, and for those who possess the dry ground, in front of the Lord of Spirits.” 64.1 And I saw other figures hidden in that place. 64.2 I heard the voice of the Angel saying: “These are the Angels who came down from Heaven onto the Earth and revealed what is secret to the sons of men, and led astray the sons of men, so that they committed sin.” 68.2 And on that day the Holy Michael answered Raphael, saying: “The power of the spirit seizes me and makes me tremble because of the harshness of the judgment of the Angels. Who can endure the harshness of the judgment which has been executed and before which they melt with fear?” 68.3 And the Holy Michael answered Raphael again, and said to him: “Who would not soften his heart over it, and whose mind would not be disturbed by this word? Judgment has gone out against them, upon those whom they have led out like this.” The Book of Enoch 82 68.4 But it came to pass, when he stood before the Lord of Spirits, that the Holy Michael spoke as follows to Raphael: “I will not take their part under the eye of the Lord, for the Lord of Spirits is angry with them, because they act as if they were the Lord. 68.5 Because of this the hidden judgment will come upon them for ever and ever; for neither any other Angel, nor any man, will receive their lot, but they alone have received their judgment for ever and ever. 69.1 And after this judgment I will terrify them, and make them tremble, for they have shown this to those who dwell upon the dry ground.” 69.2 And behold, the names of those Angels: - The first of them is Semyaza, and the second Artaqifa, and the third Armen, and the fourth Kokabiel, and the fifth Turiel, and the sixth Ramiel, and the seventh Daniel, and the eighth Nuqael, and the ninth Baraqiel, and the tenth Azazel, and the eleventh Armaros, the twelfth Batriel, the thirteenth Basasael, the fourteenth Ananel, the fifteenth Turiel, the sixteenth Samsiel, the seventeenth Yetarel, the eighteenth Tumiel, the nineteenth Turiel, the twentieth Rumiel, the twenty-first Azazel. 69.3 And these are the chiefs of their Angels, and the names of the leaders of hundreds, and their leaders of fifties, and their leaders of tens. 69.4 The name of the first is Yequn; this is the one who led astray all the children of the Holy Angels, and he brought them down onto the dry ground, and led them astray through the daughters of men. 69.5 And the name of the second is Asbeel; this one suggested an evil plan to the children of the Holy Angels, and led them astray, so that they corrupted their bodies with the daughters of men. 69.6 And the name of the third is Gadreel; this is the one that showed all the deadly blows to the sons of men. And he led astray Eve. And he showed the weapons of death to the children of men, the shield and the breastplate, and the sword for slaughter, and all the weapons of death to the The Book of Enoch 83 sons of men. 69.7 And from his hand they have gone out against those who dwell the dry ground from that time and forever and ever. 69.8 And the name of the fourth is Penemue; this one showed the sons of men the bitter and the sweet and showed them all the secrets of their wisdom. 69.9 He taught men the art of writing with ink and paper, and through this many have gone astray, from eternity to eternity, and to this day. 69.10 For men were not created for this, that they should confirm their faith like this, with pen and ink. 69.11 For men were created no differently from the Angels, so that they might remain righteous and pure, and death, which destroys everything, would not have touched them; but through this knowledge of theirs they are being destroyed and through this power death consumes them. 69.12 And the name of the fifth is Kasdeyae; this one showed the sons of men all the evil blows of the spirits and of the demons, and the blows that attack the embryo in the womb so that it miscarries. And the blows that attack the soul: the bite of the serpent. And the blows that occur at midday, and the son of the serpent - who is strong. 69.13 And this is the task of Kesbeel, the chief of the oath, who showed the oath to the Holy ones when he dwelt on high in glory. And his name is Beqa. 69.14 And this one told the Holy Michael that he should show him the secret name so that they might mention it in the oath, so that those, who showed the sons of men everything that is secret, trembled before that name and oath. 69.15 And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath, Akae, in the charge of the Holy Michael. 69.16 And these are the secrets of this oath, and they are strong through this The Book of Enoch 84 oath, and Heaven was suspended, before the world was created, and forever. 69.17 And through it the earth was founded upon the water, and from the hidden recesses of the mountains come beautiful waters, from the creation of the world and for ever. 69.18 And through that oath the sea was created, and as its foundation, for the time of anger, he placed for it the sand, and it does not go beyond it, from the creation of the world and for ever. 69.19 And through that oath the deeps were made firm, and they stand and do not move from their place, from the creation of the world and for ever. 69.20 And through that oath the Sun and the Moon complete their course and do not transgress their command, from the creation of the world and for ever. 69.21 And through that oath the stars complete their course, and he calls their names, and they answer him, from the creation of the world and for ever. 69.22 And likewise the spirits of the water, of the winds, and of all the breezes, and their paths, according to all the groups of the spirits. 69.23 And there are kept the storehouses of the sound of thunder, and of the light of the lightning; and there are kept the storehouses of the hail, and the hoarfrost, and the storehouses of the mist, and the storehouses of the rain and dew. 69.24 And all these make their confession and give thanks in front of the Lord of Spirits and sing praises with all their power. And their food consists of all their thanksgiving and they give thanks, praise, and exalt, in the name of the Lord of Spirits, forever and ever. 69.25 And this oath is strong over them and through it they are kept safe and their courses are not disturbed. 69.26 And they had great joy and they blessed, praised, and exalted, The Book of Enoch 85 because the name of that Son of Man had been revealed to them. 69.27 And he sat on the Throne of His Glory and the whole judgment was given to the Son of Man and he will cause the sinners to pass away and be destroyed from the face of the Earth. 69.28 And those who led astray the world will be bound in chains and will be shut up in the assembly-place of their destruction, and all their works will pass away from the face of the earth. 69.29 And from then on there will be nothing corruptible. For that Son of Man has appeared, and has sat on the Throne of His Glory, and everything evil will pass away and go from in front of Him; and the word of that Son of Man will be strong in front of the Lord of Spirits. This is the Third Parable of Enoch. The Book of Enoch 86 Notes (13) THE STOREHOUSES (pages 87-90) Enoch often mentions storehouses throughout the book. Storehouses were probably first introduced to Enoch's people by the runaways. Since they were considered as angels their storehouses were probably considered divine and magical. Many people probably believed that the storehouses created the goods that were stored inside them. Enoch probably knew better than that since he may have been the keeper of records and inventories. However, he does seem to regard storehouses as basic to God's way of distributing natural things such as the weather. At the beginning he again describes his journey (70.2-3) - he was lifted on a chariot of the spirit and they went northwest. I assume this is some kind of flying machine today we would probably call it a UFO rather than a chariot of the spirit. Enoch goes on to describe the land of the angels and a meeting with the Head of Days. Four of the Watchers are named at 71.9; they may have been assigned to look after Enoch because they could speak his language well. Enoch seems to have asked questions and made some notes, and this section, and the next section, and "the Law of the Stars" is the result. My opinion is that the Watchers knew the answers to Enoch's questions but it was difficult for them to explain the answers to Enoch in terms that he could understand. This is shown clearly at 60.14 and 60.15 where Enoch reports an explanation of thunder and lightning and why you see the flash before you hear the bang. This is common knowledge now - but not to Enoch. I think that Enoch believed, initially, that the bangs and flashes occurred separately made by different processes. He reports that they are not separate although not the same, 60.14, because a spirit makes them inseparable. Since Enoch assumes that you see and hear things at the instant they happen he finds it hard to understand why the sound has to wait and so brings a storehouse into the explanation. The Book of Enoch 87 13) THE STOREHOUSES 70.1 And it came to pass, after this, that while he was living his name was lifted from those who dwell upon the dry ground to the presence of that Son of Man, and to the presence of the Lord of Spirits. 70.2 And he was lifted on the chariots of the spirit, and his name vanished from among them. 70.3 And from that day I was not counted among them, and He placed me between two winds, between the north and the west, where the Angels took the cords to measure for me the place for the chosen and the righteous. 70.4 And there I saw the First Fathers and the righteous who from the beginning of the world dwelt in that place. 71.1 And it came to pass, after this, that my spirit was carried off, and it went up into the Heavens. I saw the sons of the Holy Angels treading upon flames of fire their garments were white, and their clothing, and the light of their face, was like snow. 71.2 And I saw two rivers of fire, and the light of that fire shone like a hyacinth, and I fell upon my face in front of the Lord of Spirits. 71.3 And the Angel Michael, one of the Archangels, took hold of me by my right hand, and raised me and led me out to all the secrets of mercy, and the secrets of righteousness. 71.4 And he showed me all the secrets of the Ends of Heaven and all the Storehouses of the Stars and the Lights from where they come out from below the Holy Ones. 71.5 And the Spirit carried Enoch off to the Highest Heaven, and I saw there, in the middle of that Light, something built of crystal stones, and in the middle of those stones tongues of living fire. 71.6 And my spirit saw a circle of fire, which surrounded that house; from its four sides came rivers, full of living fire, and they surrounded that The Book of Enoch 88 house. 71.7 And round about were the Seraphim and the Cherubim, and the Ophannim; these are They Who Do Not Sleep but keep watch over the Throne of His Glory. 71.8 And I saw Angels, who could not be counted, a thousand thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, surrounding that house. And Michael, and Raphael, and Gabriel, and Phanuel, and the Holy Angels who are in the Heavens above, went in and out of that house. 71.9 And Michael, and Raphael, and Gabriel, and Phanuel, and many Holy Angels without number, came out from that house. 71.10 And with them the Head of Days, his head white, and pure, like wool and his garments - indescribable. 71.11 And I fell upon my face, and my whole body melted, and my spirit was transformed; and I cried out in a loud voice, in the spirit of power, and I blessed, praised, and exalted. 71.12 And these blessings, which came out from my mouth, were pleasing before that Head of Days. 71.13 And that Head of Days came with Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel, and thousands and tens of thousands of Angels without number. 71.14 And that Angel, came to me, and greeted me with his voice, and said to me: “You are the son of man who was born to righteousness and righteousness remains over you and the righteousness of the Head of Days, will not leave you.” 71.15 And he said to me: “He proclaims peace to you in the name of the world which is to come, for from there peace has come out from the creation of the world and so you will have it for ever and for ever and ever. 71.16 And all will walk according to your way, inasmuch as righteousness will never leave you. With you will be their dwelling, and with you their lot, and they will not be separated from you for ever and for ever and ever. The Book of Enoch 89 71.17 And so there will be length of days with that Son of Man, and the righteous will have peace, and the righteous will have an upright way in the name of the Lord of Spirits, for ever and ever.” 59.1 And in those days my eyes saw the secrets of the flashes of lightning, and the lights, and the regulations governing them; and they flash for a blessing or a curse, as the Lord of Spirits wishes. 59.2 And there I saw the secrets of the thunder and how when it crashes in Heaven above the sound of it is heard. And they showed me the dwellings of the dry ground, and the sound of the thunder, for peace, and for blessing, or for a curse, according to the word of the Lord of Spirits. 59.3 And after this all the secrets of the lights, and of the flashes of lightning, were shown to me. They flash to bring blessing and satisfaction. 60.11 And the other Angel spoke to me, the one who went with me and showed me what is secret; what is first and last in Heaven, in the heights, and under the dry ground, in the depths, and at the Ends of Heaven, and at the Foundations of Heaven, and in the Storehouses of the Winds. 60.12 And how the spirits are distributed, and how they are weighed. And how the springs, and the winds, are counted according to the power of their spirit. And the power of the light of the Moon. And the divisions of the stars according to their names. And how all the divisions are made. 60.13 And the thunder - according to the places were it falls. And all the divisions that are made in lightning - so that it may flash. And its hosts - how they quickly obey. 60.14 For the thunder have fixed intervals, which have been given to its sound, for waiting. And the thunder and the lightning are not separate although not the same. Through a spirit the two of them move inseparably. 60.15 For when the lightning flashes the thunder utters its voice, and the spirit, at the proper time, causes it to rest, and divides equally between them because the storehouse of the times for their occurrence is like that of the The Book of Enoch 90 sand. And each of them, at the proper time, is held by a rein, and turned back by the power of the spirit, and likewise driven forward, according to the number of the regions of the Earth. 60.16 And the spirit of the sea is male and strong, and according to the power of its strength, the spirit turns it back with a rein, and likewise it is driven forward, and scattered amongst all the mountains of the Earth. 60.17 And the spirit of the hoarfrost is its own Angel; and the spirit of the hail, is a good Angel. 60.18 And the spirit of the snow has withdrawn because of its power, and it has a special spirit, and that which rises from it is like smoke and its name is frost. 60.19 And the spirit of the mist is not associated with them in their storehouse but has a special storehouse; for its course is glorious both in light and darkness, and in winter and in summer, and its storehouse is an Angel. 60.20 The spirit of the dew has its dwelling at the ends of Heaven and is connected with the storehouses of the rain. And its course is in winter and in summer and its clouds. And the clouds of the mist are associated and one gives to the other. 60.21 And when the spirit of the rain moves from its storehouse the Angels come and open the storehouse and bring it out. And when it is scattered over all the dry ground it joins with all the water that is on the dry ground. And whenever it joins with the water that is on the dry ground.(.…..) 60.22 For the waters are for those who dwell upon the dry ground, for they are nourishment for the dry ground, from the Most High who is in Heaven. Therefore there is a fixed measure for the rain and the Angels comprehend it. 60.23 All these things, I saw towards the Garden of Righteousness. The Book of Enoch 91 Notes (14) THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE LIGHTS (pages 93-105) This chapter explains the path of the Sun in the sky, and how the length of the day varies, and the different seasons. The division of the year into months and the phases of the Moon are explained here. It is interesting that the variation of day length is described with the day divided into 18 parts. The Watchers may have divided the day into 18 "hours" rather than our 24-hour system. The seasonal variation in day length described, see 72.14 & 72.26, is more typical of northern latitudes. The situation here in London, in late December (close to the mid-winter solstice), is very similar to the description at 72.26 with a day of 8 hours, and a night of 16 hours. The section on the Moon contains some accurate information such as that it appears in the sky to be the same size as the Sun, 72.37. At 75.8-9 Enoch explains how the axis of rotation passes through the middle of the Earth - although I think Enoch was not sure what Uriel means by this. It should be remembered that the fact that the Earth is spherical and rotating was only widely accepted a few hundred years ago. Before then it was believed that the Sun went round the Earth. There is a book called ‘Uriel’s Machine’ by C. Knight and Robert Lomas that makes out a good case for this chapter containing the information needed to construct a ‘henge’ - an observatory made from posts or standing stones. They also suggest Enoch may have been taken to Ireland - where there are a number of unusual and ancient sites still surviving. When Enoch is talking about the north, at 77.3, he mentions this is the location of the Garden of Righteousness - the homeland of the Watchers. At 78.4, the fact that the Moon obtains its light from the Sun is revealed. At 78.17 he says the Moon has a face ("looks like a man") for 20 days in the month; we call him "the man in the Moon". This is more evidence against my theory about the South Sandwich islands being the home of the Watchers because the Moon’s face is not recognizable in the southern hemisphere (because it is upside down). I suspect that this section about the Moon should be elsewhere in the text, probably near to the previous section about the Moon a few pages before. The Book of Enoch 92 There is a description of a book written by the Watchers that Enoch took notes from, (see 81.1-2), Enoch calls it The Tablets of Heaven. Enoch’s prophecy chapters come from this book. The Book of Enoch 93 14) THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE LIGHTS 72.1 The Book of the Revolutions of the Lights of Heaven. Each as it is; according to their classes, according to their period of rule and their times, according to their names and places of origin, and according to their months. That Uriel, the Holy Angel who was with me, and is their leader, showed to me. And he showed me all their regulations, exactly as they are, for each year of the world and for ever, until the new creation shall be made which will last forever. 72.2 And this is the First Law of the Lights. The light called the Sun; its rising is in the Gates of Heaven that are towards the east, and its setting is in the western Gates of Heaven. 72.3 And I saw six Gates from which the Sun rises, and six Gates in which the Sun sets, and the Moon also rises and sets in those Gates, and the leaders of the stars together with those whom they lead. There are six in the east and six in the west, all exactly in place, one next to the other; and there are many windows to the south and the north of those Gates. 72.4 And first there rises the greater light, named the Sun, and its disc is like the disc of Heaven, and the whole of it is full of a fire which gives light and warmth. 72.5 The wind blows the chariots on which it ascends, and the Sun goes down in the sky and returns through the north in order to reach the east, and is led so that it comes to the appropriate Gate and shines in the sky. 72.6 In this way it rises in the first month, in the large Gate, namely; it rises through the fourth of those six Gates that are towards the east. 72.7 And in that fourth Gate, through which the Sun rises in the first month, there are twelve window-openings from which, whenever they are opened, flames come out. 72.8 When the Sun rises in Heaven it goes out through that fourth Gate for The Book of Enoch 94 thirty days, and exactly in the fourth Gate, in the west of Heaven, it goes down. 72.9 And in those days the day grows daily longer, and the night grows nightly shorter, until the thirtieth morning. 72.10 And on that day the day becomes longer than the night by a double part, and the day amounts to exactly ten parts, and the night amounts to eight parts. 72.11 And the Sun rises from that fourth Gate, and sets in the fourth Gate, and returns to the fifth Gate in the east for thirty mornings; and it rises from it and sets in the fifth Gate. 72.12 And then the day becomes longer by two parts, and the day amounts to eleven parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts. 72.13 And the Sun returns to the east and comes to the sixth Gate, and rises and sets in the sixth Gate for thirty-one mornings, because of its sign. 72.14 And on that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night; and the day amounts to twelve parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to six parts. 72.15 And the Sun rises up so that the day may grow shorter, and the night longer; and the Sun returns to the east, and comes to the sixth Gate, and rises from it, and sets, for thirty mornings. 72.16 And when thirty mornings have been completed the day becomes shorter, by exactly one part; and the day amounts to eleven parts, and the night to seven parts. 72.17 And the Sun goes out from the west, through that sixth Gate, and goes to the east, and rises in the fifth Gate for thirty mornings and it sets in the west again, in the fifth Gate in the west. 72.18 On that day the day becomes shorter by two parts, and the day amounts to ten parts, and the night to eight parts. 72.19 And the Sun rises from that fifth Gate, and sets in the fifth Gate in The Book of Enoch 95 the west, and rises in the fourth Gate for thirty-one mornings because of its sign, and sets in the west. 72.20 On that day the day becomes equal with the night, and is of equal length; and the night amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts. 72.21 And the Sun rises from that Gate and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third Gate for thirty mornings, and sets in the west in the third Gate. 72.22 And the Sun rises from that third Gate, and sets in the third Gate in the west, and returns to the east; and the Sun rises in the second Gate in the east for thirty mornings, and likewise, it sets in the second Gate, in the west of Heaven. 72.24 And on that day the night amounts to eleven parts and the day to seven parts. 72.25 And the Sun rises, on that day, from the second Gate, and sets in the west in the second Gate, and returns to the east to the first Gate for thirtyone mornings, then sets in the west in the first Gate. 72.26 And on that day the night becomes longer, and becomes double the day; and the night amounts to exactly twelve parts, and the day to six parts. 72.27 And with this, the Sun has completed the divisions of its journey, and it turns back again, along these divisions of its journey; and it comes through that first Gate for thirty mornings, and sets in the west opposite it. 72.28 And on that day the night becomes shorter in length by one part, and amounts to eleven parts, and the day to seven parts. 72.29 And the Sun returns, and comes to the second Gate in the east, and it returns along those divisions of its journey for thirty mornings, rising and setting. 72.30 And on that day the night becomes shorter in length and the night amounts to ten parts and the day to eight parts. 72.31 And on that day, the Sun rises from the second Gate, and sets in the The Book of Enoch 96 west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third Gate for thirty one mornings, and sets in the west of the sky. 72.32 And on that day the night becomes shorter, and amounts to nine parts, and the day amounts to nine parts, and the night becomes equal with the day. And the year amounts to exactly 364 days. 72.33 And the length of the day and the night, and the shortness of the day and the night - they are different because of the journey of the Sun. 72.34 Because of it, its journey becomes daily longer, and nightly shorter. 72.35 And this is the law and the journey of the Sun and its return, as often as it returns; sixty times it returns and rises, that is the great eternal light, which for ever and ever is named the Sun. 72.36 And this that rises is the great light, which is named after its appearance, as the Lord commanded. 72.37 And thus it rises and sets; it neither decreases, nor rests, but runs day and night in its chariot. And its light is seven times brighter than that of the Moon but in size the two are equal. 73.1 And after this law I saw another law, for the lesser light, named the Moon. 73.2 And its disc is like the disc of the Sun, and the wind blows its chariot on which it rides, and in fixed measure light is given to it. 73.3 And every month it’s rising and setting change, and its days are as the days of the Sun, and when its light is uniformly full, it is a seventh part the light of the Sun. 73.4 And thus it rises, and its first phase is towards the east; it rises on the thirtieth morning. And on that day it appears, and becomes for you the first phase of the Moon, on the thirtieth morning, together with the Sun in the Gate through which the Sun rises. 73.5 And a half.(…..) .with a seventh part, and its entire disc is empty, without light, except for a seventh part, a fourteenth part of it’s light. The Book of Enoch 97 73.6 And on the day that it receives a seventh part and a half of its light, its light amounts to a seventh, and a seventh part and a half. 73.7 It sets with the Sun, and when the Sun rises, the Moon rises with it, and receives a half of one part of light. And on that night at the beginning of its morning, at the beginning of the Moon's day, the Moon sets with the Sun, and is dark on that night in six and seven parts and a half. 73.8 And it rises on that day, with exactly a seventh part, goes out, recedes from the rising of the Sun, and becomes bright on the remainder of its days, in the other six and seven parts. 74.1 And another journey, and law, I saw for it, in that according to this law it makes its monthly journey. 74.2 And Uriel, the Holy Angel who is leader of them all, showed me everything, and I wrote down their positions as he showed them to me. And I wrote down their months, as they are, and the appearance of their light, until fifteen days have been completed. 74.3 In seventh parts it makes all its darkness full, and in seventh parts it makes all its light full, in the east and in the west. 74.4 And in certain months, it changes its setting, and in certain months, it follows its own individual course. 74.5 In two months it sets with the Sun, in those two Gates that are in the middle, in the third and in the fourth Gate. 74.6 It goes out for seven days and turns back, and returns again to the Gate from which the Sun rises. And in that Gate it makes all its light full, and it recedes from the Sun, and comes, in eight days, to the sixth Gate from which the Sun rises. 74.7 And when the Sun rises from the fourth Gate, the Moon goes out for seven days, until it rises from the fifth Gate. And again it returns in seven days to the fourth Gate, makes all its light full, recedes, and comes to the first Gate in eight days. The Book of Enoch 98 74.8 And again it returns in seven days to the fourth Gate from which the Sun rises. 74.9 Thus I saw their positions; how the Moon rose and the Sun set in those days. 74.10 And if five years are added together, the Sun has an excess of thirty days. For each year, of the five years, there are three hundred and sixty four days. 74.11 And the excess, of the Sun and the stars, comes to six days. In five years, with six days each, they have an excess of thirty days, and the Moon falls behind the Sun and the stars by thirty days. 74.12 And the Moon conducts the years exactly, all of them according to their eternal positions; they are neither early nor late, even by one day, but change the year in exactly 364 days. 74.13 In three years, there are 1,092 days, and in five years 1,820 days, so that in eight years there are 2,912 days. 74.14 For the Moon alone, the days in three years come to 1,062 days, and in five years it is fifty days behind. 74.15 And there are 1,770 days in five years so that for the Moon the days in eight years amount to 2,832 days. 74.16 For the difference in eight years is eighty days, and all the days that the Moon is behind, in eight years, are eighty days. 74.17 And the year is completed exactly, in accordance with their positions, and the positions of the Sun, in that they rise from the Gates from which the Sun rises and sets for thirty days. 75.1 And the leaders of the tens of thousands, who are in charge of the whole of creation, and in charge of all the stars, and also the four days which are added, and are not separated from their position, according to the whole reckoning of the year. And these serve on the four days that are not counted in the reckoning of the year. The Book of Enoch 99 75.2 And because of them men go wrong in them. For these lights really serve in the stations of the world, one in the first Gate, and one in the third Gate, and one in the fourth Gate, and one in the sixth Gate. And the exact harmony of the world is completed in the separate 364 stations of the world. 75.3 For the signs, and the times, and the years, and the days, were showed to me by the Angel Uriel whom the Lord of Eternal Glory has placed in charge of all the Lights of Heaven. In Heaven and in the world, so that they might rule on the Face of Heaven, and appear over the earth, and be leaders of day and night; the Sun, the Moon, the stars, and all the serving creatures who revolve in all the Chariots of Heaven. 75.4 Likewise, Uriel showed to me twelve Gate-openings in the disc of the chariot of the Sun, in the sky, from which the rays of the Sun come out. And from them heat comes out over the Earth when they are opened at the times that are appointed for them. 75.5 And there are openings for the winds, and for the spirit of the dew, when they are opened at their times, opened in Heaven, at the ends of the earth. 75.6 I saw twelve Gates in Heaven, at the ends of the earth, from which the Sun, and the Moon, and the stars, and all the works of Heaven, go out in the east and in the west. 75.7 And there are many window-openings to the north and to the south, and each window, at its appointed time, sends out heat corresponding to those Gates, from which the stars go out, in accordance with His command to them, and in which they set according to their number. 75.8 And I saw chariots in Heaven, running through the region above those Gates, in which the stars that never set rotate. 75.9 And one is bigger than all the others. And it goes round through the whole world. The Book of Enoch 100 76.1 And at the ends of the earth, I saw twelve Gates open to all the winds, from which the winds come out and blow over the earth. 76.2 Three of them open in the front of Heaven, and three in the back, and three on the right of Heaven, and three on the left. 76.3 And the three first are those towards the east, and then the three towards the north, and the three after these towards the south, and the three in the west. 76.4 Through four of them come winds of blessing and peace. And from the other eight come winds of punishment; when they are sent they bring devastation to the whole Earth, and to the water which is on it, and to all those who dwell upon it, and to everything that is in the water and on dry ground. 76.5 And the first wind from those Gates, called the east wind, comes out through the first Gate, which is towards the east. The one that comes from the south brings devastation, drought, heat, and destruction. 76.6 And through the second Gate, in the middle, comes what is right. And from it come rain, and fruitfulness, and prosperity, and dew. And through the third Gate, which is towards the north, comes cold and drought. 76.7 And after these, the winds towards the south come out, through three Gates. First, through the first of the Gates, which inclines towards the east, comes a hot wind. 76.8 And through the middle Gate, which is next to it, come pleasant fragrances, and dew, and rain, and prosperity, and life. 76.9 And through the third Gate, which is towards the west, come dew, and rain, and locusts, and devastation. 76.10 And after these, the winds towards the north..(…)..from the seventh Gate, which is towards the east, come dew and rain, locusts and devastation. 76.11 And through the Gate exactly in the middle, come rain, and dew, and The Book of Enoch 101 life, and prosperity. And through the third Gate, which is towards the west come mist and hoarfrost, and snow, and rain, and dew, and locusts. 76.12 And after these the winds towards the west. Through the first Gate, which inclines towards the north, come dew, and rain, and hoarfrost, and cold, and snow, and frost. 76.13 And from the middle Gate, come dew and rain, prosperity and blessing. And through the last Gate, which is towards the south, come drought and devastation, burning and destruction. 76.14 And thus the twelve Gates, of the four quarters of Heaven are complete. And all their laws, and all their punishments, and all their benefits, I have shown to you, my son Methuselah. 77.1 They called the first quarter eastern because it is the first, and they call the second the south because there the Most High descends, and there especially the one who is blessed forever descends. 77.2 And the western quarter is called waning because there all the lights of Heaven wane and go down. 77.3 And the fourth quarter, named the north, is divided into three parts. And the first of them is the dwelling place for men; and the second contains seas of water, and the deeps, and the forests, and rivers, and darkness and mist; and the third part contains the Garden of Righteousness. 77.4 I saw seven high mountains, which were higher than all other mountains on the earth; and from them snow comes. And days and times and years, pass away and go by. 77.5 I saw seven rivers on the earth, larger than all the other rivers; one of them comes from the east and pours out its waters into the Great Sea. 77.6 And two of them come from the north to the sea and pour out their water into the Erythraean Sea in the east. 77.7 And the remaining four flow out on the side of the north, to their seas, two to the Erythraean Sea, and two into the Great Sea, and they discharge The Book of Enoch 102 themselves there, and not into the wilderness, as some say. 77.8 I saw seven large islands, in the sea and on the land, two on the land, and five in the Great Sea. 78.1 The names of the Sun are as follows: The first Oryares, and the second Tomases. 78.2 The Moon has four names: The first name is Asonya, and the second Ebla, and the third Benase, and the fourth Era'e. 78.3 These are the two great lights; their disc is like the disc of Heaven and in size the two are equal. 78.4 In the disc of the Sun, are seven parts of light, which are added to it more than to the Moon, and in fixed measure light is transferred to the Moon until a seventh part of the Sun is exhausted. 78.5 And they set, go into the Gates of the west, go round through the north, and rise through the Gates of the east, on the face of Heaven. 78.6 And when the Moon rises, it appears in the sky, and has a half of a seventh part of light, and on the fourteenth day it makes all its light full. 78.7 And fifteen parts of light are transferred to it, until on the fifteenth day its light is full, according to the sign of the year, and amounts to fifteen parts. And the Moon comes into being by halves of a seventh part. 78.8 And in its waning on the first day, it decreases to fourteen parts of its light. And on the second to thirteen parts, and on the third to twelve parts, on the fourth to eleven parts, and on the fifth to ten parts, and on the sixth to nine parts, and on the seventh to eight parts, and on the eighth to seven parts, and on the ninth to six parts, and on the tenth to five parts, and on the eleventh to four parts, and on the twelfth to three, and on the thirteenth to two, and on the fourteenth to half of a seventh part. And all the light that remains from the total disappears on the fifteenth day. 78.9 And in certain months the Moon has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight. The Book of Enoch 103 78.10 And Uriel showed me another law: - when light is transferred to the Moon, and on which side it is transferred from the Sun. 78.11 All the time that the Moon is increasing in its light, it transfers as it becomes opposite the Sun, until in fourteen days it’s light is full in the sky; and when it is all ablaze, it’s light is full in the sky. 78.12 And on the first day it is called the New Moon, for on that, daylight rises on it. 78.13 And its light becomes full exactly on the day that as the Sun goes down in the west it rises from the east for the night. And the Moon shines for the whole night until the Sun rises opposite it, and the Moon is seen opposite the Sun. 78.14 And on the side on which the light of the Moon appears, there again it wanes, until all its light disappears, and the days of the Moon end and its disc remains empty without light. 78.15 And for three months, at its proper time, it achieves thirty days, and for three months, it achieves twenty-nine days, during which it completes its waning, in the first period, in the first Gate, 127 days. 78.16 And in the time of it’s rising, for three months, it appears in each month with thirty days. And for three months it appears in each month with twenty-nine days 78.17 By night, for twenty days each time, it looks like a man, and by day like Heaven, for there is nothing else in it except it’s light. 79.1 And now, my son Methuselah, I have shown you everything, and the whole Law of the Stars of Heaven is complete. 79.2 And he showed me the whole law for these, for every day, and for every time, and for every rule, and for every year, and for the end thereof, according to its command, for every month and every week. 79.3 And the waning of the Moon, which occurs in the sixth Gate, for in that sixth Gate it’s light becomes full, and after that it is the beginning of The Book of Enoch 104 the month. 79.4 And the waning, which occurs in the first Gate, at its proper time, until 127 days are complete, or by weeks; twenty-five weeks and two days. 79.5 And how it falls behind the Sun, according to the law of the stars, by exactly five days in one period of time, when it has completed the pathway you have seen. 79.6 Such is the appearance, and likeness, of every light, which Uriel, the great Angel who is their leader, showed to me. 80.1 And in those days Uriel answered me and said to me: “Behold, I have shown you everything, Oh Enoch. And I have revealed everything to you, so that you may see this Sun, and this Moon, and those who lead the Stars of Heaven, and all those who turn them, their tasks and their times and their rising. 80.2 But in the days of the sinners the years will become shorter, and their seed will be late on their land, and on their fields. And all things on the earth will change and will not appear at their proper time. And the rain will be withheld and Heaven will retain it. 80.3 And in those times the fruits of the earth will be late, and will not grow at their proper time, and the fruits of the trees will be withheld at their proper time. 80.4 And the Moon will change its customary practice and will not appear at its proper time. 80.5 But in those days it will appear in Heaven, come on top of a large chariot in the west, and shine with more than normal brightness. 80.6 And many heads of the stars, in command, will go astray. And these will change their courses and their activities and will not appear at the times that have been prescribed for them. 80.7 And the entire law of the stars will be closed to the sinners, and the thoughts of those who dwell upon the Earth will go astray over them, and The Book of Enoch 105 they will turn from all their ways and will go astray, and will think them gods. 80.8 And many evils will overtake them and punishment will come upon them to destroy them all.” 81.1 And he said to me: “Oh Enoch, look at the book of the Tablets of Heaven and read what is written upon them, and note every individual fact.” 81.2 And I looked at everything that was written and I noted everything. And I read the book and everything that was written in it, all the deeds of men, and all the children of flesh who will be upon the Earth, for all the generations of eternity. 81.3 And then I immediately blessed the Lord, the Eternal King of Glory, in that he has made all the works of the world, and I praised the Lord because of his patience, and I blessed him on account of the sons of Adam. 81.4 And at that time I said: “Blessed is the man who dies righteous and good, concerning whom no book of iniquity has been written, and against whom no guilt has been found.” The Book of Enoch 106 Notes (15) ENOCH'S LETTER TO METHUSELAH (pages 107-108) This short section may be in the wrong location. It may have been a letter that Enoch gave to his son, with the book. Or it may have originally been at the end of the book, as a conclusion. It stands satisfactorily on its own, so I have kept to the order of the Ethiopian manuscripts. The Book of Enoch 107 15) ENOCH'S LETTER TO METHUSELAH 81.5 And these three Holy ones brought me and set me on the earth in front of the door of my house, and said to me: “Tell everything to your son Methuselah, and show all your children that no flesh is righteous, before the Lord, for He created them. 81.6 For one year we will leave you with your children, until you have regained your strength, so that you may teach your children and write these things down for them, and testify to all your children. And in the second year we will take you from amongst them. 81.7 Let your heart be strong, for the good will proclaim righteousness to the good, the righteous will rejoice with the righteous and they will wish each other well. 81.8 But the sinner will die with the sinner and the apostate will sink with the apostate. 81.9 And those who practice righteousness will die because of the deeds of men, and will be gathered in because of the deeds of the impious.” 81.10 And in those days they finished speaking to me and I went to my family as I blessed the Lord of Ages. 82.1 And now, my son Methuselah, all these things I recount to you, and write down for you. I have revealed everything to you, and have given you books about all these things. Keep, my son Methuselah, the books from the hand of your father so that you may pass them on to the generations of eternity. 82.2 I have given wisdom to you, and to your children, and to those who will be your children, that they may give it to their children, for all the generations, forever, this wisdom that is beyond their thoughts. 82.3 And those who understand it will not sleep, but will incline their ears that they may learn this wisdom, and it will be better for those who eat The Book of Enoch 108 from it than good food. The Book of Enoch 109 Notes (16) THE LAW OF THE STARS (pages 110-112) This chapter is the conclusion to the part of Enoch's book about astronomy and the calendar. At 82.8, Enoch reports that the planets (powers of heaven) rotate in their orbits! The Book of Enoch 110 16) THE LAW OF THE STARS 82.4 Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and do not sin like the sinners. In the numbering of all their days in which the Sun journeys in Heaven, coming in and out, through the Gates of Heaven, for thirty days. With the leaders of the thousands, of this order of stars, and with the four which are added, and divided between the four seasons of the year, which lead them and appear with them on four days. 82.5 Because of them men go wrong, and they do not reckon them in the reckoning of the whole year; for men go wrong in respect of them and do not know them exactly. 82.6 For they belong in the reckoning of the year, and are truly recorded forever, one in the first Gate, and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth. And the year is completed in 364 days. 82.7 And the account of it is true, and the recorded reckoning of it is exact, for the lights, and the months, and the feasts, and the years, and the days. Uriel showed me, and inspired me; he to whom the Lord of the whole created world gave commands about the Host of Heaven for me. 82.8 And he has power in Heaven, over night and day, to cause light to shine on men; the Sun, the Moon, and the stars, and all the Powers of Heaven, which rotate in their orbits. 82.9 And this is the Law of the Stars, which set in their places, at their times, and at their feasts, and in their months. 82.10 And these are the names of those who lead them, who keep watch, so that they appear at their times, and in their orders, and in their months, and in their periods of rule, and in their positions. 82.11 Their four leaders, who divide the four parts of the year, appear first; and after them the twelve leaders of the orders, who divide the months and The Book of Enoch 111 the years into 364 days, with the heads over thousands, who separate the days. And for the four days, that are added to them, there are the leaders who separate the four parts of the year. 82.12 And as for these heads over thousands, one is added between the leader and the led, but their leaders make the separation. 82.13 And these are the names of the leaders who separate the four appointed parts of the year: Melkiel, Helemmelek, Meleyal, and Narel. 82.14 And the names of those whom they lead: Adnarel, Iyasusael, Iylumiel; these three follow behind the leaders of the orders. And all others follow behind the three leaders of the orders, who follow behind those leaders of positions, who separate the four parts of the year. 82.15 In the beginning of the year, Melkiel rises first and rules, who is called the southern Sun - and all the days of his period, during which he rules, are ninety-one. 82.16 And these are the signs of the days that are to be seen on the earth, in the days of his period of rule; sweat, and heat, and calm. And all the trees bear fruit, and leaves appear on all the trees, and the wheat harvest, and rose flowers. And all the flowers bloom in the field but the trees of winter are withered. 82.17 And these are the names of the leaders who are under them: Berkeel, Zelebsael, and another one who is added, a head over a thousand, named Heloyaseph. And the days of the period of rule, of this one, are complete. 82.18 The second leader, after him, is Helemmelec, whom they call the Shining Sun; and all the days of his light are ninety-one. 82.19 And these are the signs of the days on earth: heat, and drought. And the trees bring their fruit to ripeness and maturity and make their fruit dry. And the sheep mate and become pregnant. And men gather all the fruits of the earth, and everything that is in the fields, and the vats of wine. And these things occur in the days of his period of rule. The Book of Enoch 112 82.20 And these are the names, and the orders, and the leaders of these heads over thousands: Gedaeyal, Keel, and Heel. And the name of the head-over-a-thousand, who is added to them, is Asfael. And the days of his period of rule are complete. The Book of Enoch 113 Notes (17) ENOCH'S FIRST VISION (pages 114-116) This chapter serves as a short introduction to the prophecy chapters. Enoch describes a disturbing dream he had when he was young. The Book of Enoch 114 17) ENOCH'S FIRST VISION 83.1 And now, my son Methuselah, I will show you all the visions that I saw, recounting them before you. 83.2 Two visions I saw, before I took a wife, and neither one was like the other. For the first time, when I learnt the art of writing, and for the second time, before I took your mother. I saw a terrible vision and concerning this I made supplication to the Lord. 83.3 I had lain down in the house of my grandfather, Malalel, when I saw in a vision how Heaven was thrown down, and removed, and it fell upon the Earth. 83.4 And when it fell upon the Earth, I saw how the earth was swallowed up in a great abyss, and mountains were suspended on mountains, and hills sank down upon hills, and tall trees were torn up by their roots, and were thrown down, and sank into the abyss. 83.5 And then speech fell into my mouth, and I raised my voice to cry out, and said: “The earth is destroyed!” 83.6 And my grandfather, Malalel, roused me, since I lay near him, and said to me: “Why did you cry out so, my son, and why do you moan so?” 83.7 And I recounted to him the whole vision, which I had seen, and he said to me: “A terrible thing you have seen, my son! Your dream vision concerns the secrets of all the sin of the Earth; it is about to sink into the abyss and be utterly destroyed. 83.8 And now, my son, rise and make supplication to the Lord of Glory, for you are faithful, that a remnant may be left on the Earth and that he may not wipe out the whole Earth. 83.9 My son, from Heaven all this will come upon the Earth, and upon the Earth there will be great destruction.” 83.10 And then I rose and prayed, and made supplication, and wrote my The Book of Enoch 115 prayer down for the generations of eternity, and I will show everything to you my son Methuselah. 83.11 And, when I went out below and saw the sky, and the Sun rising in the east, and the Moon setting in the west, and some stars, and the whole Earth, and everything as He knew it since the beginning. Then I blessed the Lord of Judgment and ascribed Majesty to him, for he makes the Sun come out from the windows of the east, so that it ascends and rises on the face of Heaven, and follows the path which has been shown to it. 84.1 And I raised my hands in righteousness and I blessed the Holy and Great One. And I spoke with the breath of my mouth, and with the tongue of flesh, which God has made for men born of flesh so that they might speak with it; and he has given them breath, and a tongue, and a mouth, so that they might speak with them. 84.2 “Blessed are you, Oh Lord King, and great and powerful in your majesty, Lord of the whole Creation of Heaven, King of Kings, and God of the whole world! And your kingly authority, and your Sovereignty and your Majesty will last forever, and forever and ever, and your power, for all generations. And all the Heavens are your throne, forever, and the whole Earth your footstool forever, and ever and ever. 84.3 For you made, and you rule, everything, and nothing is too hard for you, and no wisdom escapes you; it does not turn away from your throne nor from your presence. And you know, and see, and hear, everything, and nothing is hidden from you, for you see everything. 84.4 And now the Angels of your Heaven are doing wrong and your anger rests upon the flesh of men until the day of the great judgment. 84.5 And now, Oh God, Lord, and Great King, I entreat and ask that you will fulfill my prayer to leave me a posterity on Earth and not to wipe out all the flesh of men and make the earth empty so that there is destruction forever. The Book of Enoch 116 84.6 And now, my Lord, wipe out from the earth the flesh that has provoked your anger, but the flesh of righteousness and uprightness establish as a seed bearing plant forever. And do not hide your face from the prayer of your servant, Oh Lord.” The Book of Enoch 117 Notes (18) PROPHECY OF THE ANIMALS (pages 120-135) Although Enoch says here that it was a dream this is a long and detailed prophecy. The Watchers may have told him to say it was a dream. He has written it in his own words, his style is easily recognizable, particularly where the story is complicated. Most of the contents of prophecy are now history and are recognizable as bible stories but the end stretches off into the future. There are no names or dates; different animals represent different nations or nationalities. The next chapter, The Ten Weeks, covers the same story but from a different viewpoint. We start at 85.3 with Adam and Eve, and Cain and Abel. Cain and his descendants are at 85.5. At 85.8 Seth is born to Eve. Next (85.9-10) there is Enoch's family line described in Genesis chapter 5. The star at 86.1 is the first of the Watchers to appear. They are represented in this story by stars rather than as animals – another indication that they were the real authors or, at least, the editors of this chapter. This first one is the fall of Satan, perhaps a senior member of the Watchers, we don’t seem to have any reliable information on this story, the information here is that Satan caused people to be dissatisfied, they moved around and changed their wives. The period covered by Enoch's book starts at 86.3 and continues through to 88.3. Here the runaways are described as fallen stars. This is also described at the start of chapter 6 in Genesis - Sons of God (Godlings in Hebrew) desired the daughters of men. These unions gave rise to giants (Nephilim - meaning “to fall”, as in ‘swoop down’). At 87.2-3 Enoch describes how beings from heaven, and he actually says they looked like white men, raised him to their tower. 88.1-3 seems to describe serious warfare using advanced weapons. It is possible that this war and the events surrounding it are described in the Mahabharata an ancient Hindu text where the gods fight a war with many advanced weapons, nuclear missiles included, judging from the detailed descriptions in the text. The story of Noah (possibly 17,000 BC) starts at 89.1 and continues through to 89.9. The flood starts at 89.2. Noah's three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, give rise to The Book of Enoch 118 all the animals (nations) at 89.10. The white bull at the end of 89.10 is Abraham (possibly 2166 - 1991 BC). At 89.11 there is Abraham’s son Ishmael (2080 BC) the wild ass, and Isaac (2066 BC) the white bull. Isaac has a wild boar, Esau, and a white sheep that is Jacob (2006 BC). At the end of 89.12 Jacob has twelve sons – the patriarchs of the 12 tribes. At 89.13 Joseph is sold to the Ishmaelites or Midianites (asses) and then (1898 BC) to the Egyptians (wolves), see also Genesis 37.25 and 39.1. Genesis 42 onwards is described at 89.14, the time in Egypt. At 89.15, we get to events covered in the book of Exodus. There is a long section describing the life of Moses (1526 - 1406 BC), at 89.16 – 38; which is probably the reason why Moses believed that Enoch walked with God, (as stated in Genesis 5.22). 89.18 introduces Aaron and the parting of the Red Sea is described by the text at 89.24-25. Crossing the river Jordan (1406 BC), 89.39, is chapter 3 in the book of Joshua. Also in this verse the Judges get a brief mention. The ram at 89.41 is probably Samuel, followed by Saul, 89.42, (chapter 22 of 1Samuel in the bible), and these are followed by David (1010 - 970 BC) at 89.45. The dogs are the Philistines. The time of Solomon (970 - 930 BC) is at 89.48 and the building of the Temple at 89.50 (the tower). The period after Solomon starts at 89.51 with the deaths of prophets. The one saved, 89.52, is Elijah. At 89.56, "he left that house of theirs" probably refers to the time of King Manasseh when the Levites took the Ark of the Covenant and left Israel (around 670 BC). They also took Enoch's book, and eventually settled in Ethiopia. The lions in this part are the Assyrians. There is a change of scene at 89.59, which probably coincides with the religious reforms under Josiah (620 BC) see chapter 34 of 2Chronicles. Then there are the 70 shepherds; these are various religious leaders in Jerusalem since that time. At 89.66 there is the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonians (587 BC). The return after the exile (538 BC) is at 89.72. The three who return are Ezra, The Book of Enoch 119 Haggai, and Zechariah, who all have books in the Bible. The second temple period, is at 89.73, this is described in Malachi (450 - 400 BC) his book is the last book of the Old Testament. The eagles first appear in the story at 90.2 they are the Romans. Fifty-eight of the shepherds have served their time by verse 90.5. The small lambs with open eyes (90.6) may be the Essenes. At 90.8 there is the death of John the Baptist - by the ravens. Jesus is the "sheep with the big horn" at 90.9-16. Interestingly, it does not say specifically that he is killed, only that his ministry is stopped by a conspiracy. At 90.17, the final twelve shepherds have their own book. This must be the Christian era. The prophecy then goes into the future. At 90.18, God strikes the earth in anger. This is the "second end" in the next section. There are no recognizable events after this, the story goes far off into the future and only time will reveal its meaning. The Book of Enoch 120 18) PROPHECY OF THE ANIMALS 85.1 And after this I saw another dream, and I will show it all to you, my son. 85.2 And Enoch raised his voice and said to his son Methuselah: “To you I speak, my son. Hear my words, and incline your ear to the dream vision of your father. 85.3 Before I took your mother, Edna, I saw a vision on my bed: - and behold - a bull came out of the earth, and that bull was white. And, after it, a heifer came out, and with the heifer came two bullocks, and one of them was black and the other red. 85.4 And that black bullock struck the red one, and pursued it over the earth, and from then on I could not see that red bullock. 85.5 But that black bullock grew, and a heifer went with it; and I saw that many bulls came out from it, which were like it, and followed behind it. 85.6 And that cow, that first one, came from the presence of that first bull, seeking that red bullock, but did not find it. And then it moaned bitterly and continued to seek it. 85.7 And I looked until that first bull came to it, and calmed it, and from that time it did not cry out. 85.8 And after this, she bore another white bull, and after this she bore many black bulls and cows. 85.9 And I saw, in my sleep, that white bull, how it likewise grew and became a large white bull. And from it came many white bulls, and they were like it. 85.10 And they began to beget many white bulls that were like them - one following another. 86.1 And again, I looked with my eyes as I was sleeping, and I saw Heaven above, and behold, a star fell from Heaven, and it arose and ate and The Book of Enoch 121 pastured amongst those bulls. 86.2 And, after this, I saw the large and the black bulls, and behold, all of them changed their pens, and their pastures, and their heifers. And they began to moan, one after another. 86.3 And, again, I saw in the vision and looked up at Heaven, and behold, I saw many stars, how they came down, and were thrown down from Heaven to that first star, and fell amongst those heifers and bulls. They were with them pasturing amongst them. 86.4 And I looked at them and saw, and behold, all of them let out their private parts, like horses, and began to mount the cows of the bulls. And they all became pregnant and bore elephants, camels, and asses. 86.5 And all the bulls were afraid of them, and were terrified in front of them. And they began to bite with their teeth, and to devour, and to gore with their horns. 86.6 And so they began to devour those bulls, and behold, all the sons of the Earth began to tremble and shake before them and to flee. 87.1 And again I saw them, how they began to gore one another, and to devour one another, and the Earth began to cry out. 87.2 And I raised my eyes again to Heaven, and saw in the vision, and behold, there came from Heaven beings that were like white men. And four came from that place, and three others with them. 87.3 And those three, who came out last, took hold of me by my hand and raised me from the generations of the Earth, and lifted me up onto a high place, and showed me a tower high above the earth, and all the hills were lower. 87.4 And one said to me: “Remain here until you have seen everything which is coming upon these elephants, and camels, and asses, and upon the stars, and upon all the bulls.” 88.1 And I saw one of those four who had come out first, how he took hold The Book of Enoch 122 of that first star, which had fallen from Heaven, and bound it by its hands and feet, and threw it into an abyss. And that abyss was narrow, and deep, and horrible, and dark. 88.2 And one of them drew his sword, and gave it to those elephants, camels, and asses; and they began to strike one another, and the whole Earth shook because of them. 88.3 And as I looked in the vision, behold, one of those four who had come out cast a line from Heaven and gathered and took all the large stars; those whose private parts were like the private parts of horses, and bound them all by their hands and their feet, and threw them into a chasm of the Earth. 89.1 And one of those four, went to a white bull, and taught him a mystery, trembling as he was. He was born a bull, but became a man, and built for himself a large vessel, and dwelt on it, and three bulls went with him in that vessel, and they were covered over. 89.2 And, again, I raised my eyes to Heaven and saw a high roof with seven water channels on it, and those channels discharged much water into an enclosure. 89.3 And I looked again, and behold, springs opened on the floor of that large enclosure, and water began to bubble up, and to rise above the floor. And I looked at that enclosure until its whole floor was covered by water. 89.4 And water, darkness, and mist increased on it, and I looked at the height of that water, and that water had risen above that enclosure and was pouring out over the enclosure, and it remained on the earth. 89.5 And all the bulls of that enclosure were gathered together, until I saw how they sank, and were swallowed up, and destroyed, in that water. 89.6 And that vessel floated on the water, but all the bulls, elephants, camels, and asses sank to the bottom, together with all the animals, so that I could not see them. And they were unable to get out, but were destroyed, and sank into the depths. The Book of Enoch 123 89.7 And, again, I looked at that vision until those water channels were removed from that high roof, and the chasms of the Earth were made level, and other abysses were opened. 89.8 And the water began to run down into them, until the earth became visible, and that vessel settled on the earth and the darkness departed, and light appeared. 89.9 And that white bull, who became a man, went out from that vessel, and the three bulls with him. And one of the three bulls was white, like that bull, and one of them was red as blood, and one was black. And that white bull passed away from them. 89.10 And they began to beget wild animals and birds, so that there arose from them every kind of species: lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, wildboars, foxes, badgers, pigs, falcons, vultures, kites, eagles, and ravens. But amongst them was born a white bull. 89.11 And they began to bite one another but that white bull, which was born amongst them, begat a wild ass and a white bull with it, and the wild asses increased. 89.12 But that bull, which was born from it, begat a black wild boar and a white sheep, and that wild-boar begat many boars and that sheep begat twelve sheep. 89.13 And when those twelve sheep had grown, they handed one of their number over to the asses, and those in turn, handed that sheep over to the wolves; and that sheep grew up amongst the wolves. 89.14 And the Lord brought the eleven sheep to dwell with it, and to pasture with it amongst the wolves, and they increased and became many flocks of sheep. 89.15 And the wolves began to make them afraid, and they oppressed them until they made away with their young, and then they threw their young into a river with much water; but those sheep began to cry out because of The Book of Enoch 124 their young, and to complain to their Lord. 89.16 But a sheep, which had been saved from the wolves, fled and escaped to the wild asses. And I saw the sheep moaning and crying out, and petitioning the Lord with all their power, until that Lord of the sheep came down at the call of the sheep, from a high room, and came to them, and looked at them. 89.17 And he called that sheep, which had fled from the wolves, and spoke to it about the wolves, that it should warn them that they should not touch the sheep. 89.18 And the sheep went to the wolves, in accordance with the Word of the Lord, and another sheep met that sheep and went with it. And the two of them together, entered the assembly of those wolves, spoke to them, and warned them that from then on, they should not touch those sheep. 89.19 And after this, I saw the wolves, how they acted even more harshly towards the sheep, with all their power, and the sheep called out. 89.20 And their Lord came to the sheep and began to beat those wolves; and the wolves began to moan, but the sheep became silent and from then on they did not cry out. 89.21 And I looked at the sheep until they escaped from the wolves; but the eyes of the wolves were blinded, and those wolves went out in pursuit of the sheep with all their forces. 89.22 And the Lord of the sheep went with them, as he led them, and all his sheep followed him; and his face was glorious, and his appearance terrible and magnificent. 89.23 But the wolves began to pursue those sheep until they met them by a stretch of water. 89.24 And that stretch of water was divided, and the water stood on one side, and on the other, before them. And their Lord as he led them, stood between them and the wolves. The Book of Enoch 125 89.25 And while those wolves had not yet seen the sheep, they went into the middle of that stretch of water; but the wolves pursued the sheep, and those wolves ran after them into that stretch of water. 89.26 But when they saw the Lord of the sheep they turned to flee in front of him; but that stretch of water flowed together again, and suddenly resumed its natural form, and the water swelled up, and rose until it covered those wolves. 89.27 And I looked until all the wolves that had pursued those sheep were destroyed and drowned. 89.28 But the sheep escaped that water, and went to a desert, where there was neither water, nor grass. And they began to open their eyes and see, and I saw the Lord of the sheep pasturing them, and giving them water and grass, and that sheep going and leading them. 89.29 And that sheep went up to the summit of a high rock and the Lord of the sheep sent it to them. 89.30 And after this, I saw the Lord of the sheep standing before them, and his appearance was terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw him and were afraid of him. 89.31 And all of them were afraid and trembled before him; and they cried out to that sheep, with those who were in their midst: “We cannot stand before our Lord nor look at him.” 89.32 And that sheep, which led them, again went up to the summit of that rock; and the sheep began to be blinded, and go astray from the path which had been shown to them, but that sheep did not know. 89.33 And the Lord of the sheep was extremely angry with them, and that sheep knew, and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the majority of them, with their eyes blinded, and going astray from his path. 89.34 And when they saw it they were afraid and trembled before it and The Book of Enoch 126 wished that they could return to their enclosure. And that sheep took some other sheep with it, and went to those sheep that had gone astray, and then began to kill them; and the sheep were afraid of it. And that sheep brought back those sheep that had gone astray, and they returned to their enclosures. 89.36 And I looked there at the vision, until that sheep became a man, and built a house for the Lord of the sheep, and made all the sheep stand in that house. 89.37 And I looked until that sheep, which had met that sheep that led the sheep, fell asleep. And I looked until all the large sheep were destroyed and small ones arose in their place, and they came to a pasture, and drew near a river of water. 89.38 And that sheep that led them, which had become a man, separated from them and fell asleep, and all the sheep sought it, and cried out very bitterly over it. 89.39 And I looked until they left off crying for that sheep, and crossed that river of water. And there arose all the sheep that led them, in place of those which had fallen asleep; and they led. 89.40 And I looked until the sheep came to a good place and a pleasant and glorious land, and I looked until those sheep were satisfied. And that house was in the middle of them in that green and pleasant land. 89.41 And sometimes their eyes were opened, and sometimes blinded, until another sheep rose up, led them, and brought them all back. And their eyes were opened. 89.42 And the dogs, and the foxes, and the wild boars, began to devour those sheep until the Lord of the sheep raised up a ram from among them, which led them. 89.43 And that ram began to butt those dogs, foxes, and wild boars, on one side and on the other until it had destroyed them all. 89.44 And the eyes of that sheep were opened, and it saw that ram in the The Book of Enoch 127 middle of the sheep, how it renounced its glory, and began to butt those sheep, and how it trampled on them and behaved unbecomingly. 89.45 And the Lord of the sheep sent the sheep to another sheep and raised it up to be a ram and to lead the sheep in place of that sheep which had renounced its glory. 89.46 And it went to it, and spoke with it alone, and raised up that ram, and made it the prince and leader of the sheep. And, during all this, those dogs oppressed the sheep. 89.47 And the first ram pursued that second ram and that second ram rose and fled before it. And I looked until those dogs made the first ram fall. 89.48 And that second ram rose up and led the small sheep, and that ram begat many sheep, and fell asleep. And a small sheep became a ram, in place of it, and became the prince and leader of those sheep. 89.49 And those sheep grew and increased; but all the dogs, and foxes, and wild boars, were afraid and fled from it. And that ram butted and killed all the animals, and those animals did not again prevail amongst the sheep, and did not seize anything further from them. 89.50 And that house became large and broad, and for those sheep a high tower was built on that house for the Lord of the sheep. And that house was low but the tower was raised up and high. And the Lord of the sheep stood on that tower and they spread a full table before him. 89.51 And I saw those sheep again, how they went astray, and walked in many ways, and left that house of theirs; and the Lord of the sheep called some of the sheep, and sent them to the sheep, but the sheep began to kill them. 89.52 But one of them was saved, and was not killed, and it sprang away and cried out against the sheep. And they wished to kill it but the Lord of the sheep saved it from the hands of the sheep, brought it up to me, and made it stay. The Book of Enoch 128 89.53 And he sent many other sheep to those sheep, to testify to them and to lament over them. 89.54 And after this, I saw how when they left the house of the Lord of the sheep, and his tower, they went astray in everything, and their eyes were blinded. And I saw how the Lord of the sheep wrought much slaughter among them, in their pastures, until those sheep invited that slaughter, and betrayed his place. 89.55 And he gave them into the hands of the lions, and the tigers, and the wolves, and the hyenas, and into the hands of the foxes, and to all the animals. And those wild animals began to tear those sheep in pieces. 89.56 And I saw how he left that house of theirs, and their tower, and gave them all into the hands of the lions so that they might tear them in pieces and devour them, and into the hands of all the animals. 89.57 And I began to cry out with all my power, to call the Lord of the sheep, and to represent to him concerning the sheep; that all the wild animals were devouring them. 89.58 But he remained still, although he saw, and he rejoiced that they were devoured, swallowed up and carried off. And he gave them into the hands of all the animals for food. 89.59 And he called seventy shepherds, and cast off those sheep, so that they might pasture them. And he said to the shepherds and to their companions: “Each one of you, from now on, is to pasture the sheep and do whatever I command you. 89.60 And I will hand them over to you, duly numbered, and I will tell you which of them are to be destroyed, and destroy them.” And he handed those sheep over to them. 89.61 And he called another, and said to him: “Observe and see everything that these shepherds do against these sheep for they will destroy from among them more than I have commanded them. The Book of Enoch 129 89.62 And write down all the excess and destruction, which is wrought by the shepherds; how many they destroy at my command and how many they destroy of their own volition. Write down against each shepherd, individually, all that he destroys. 89.63 And read out in front of me exactly how many they destroy of their own volition and how many are handed over for destruction so that this may be a testimony for me against them. So that I may know all the deeds of the shepherds in order to hand them over for judgment. And I will see what they do, whether they abide by my command with which I have commanded them, or not. 89.64 But they must not know this, and you must not show this to them, but only write down against each individual in his time all that the shepherds destroy, and bring it all up to me.” 89.65 And I looked until those shepherds pastured at their times, and they began to kill and destroy more than they were commanded, and they gave those sheep into the hands of the lions. 89.66 And the lions and the tigers devoured and swallowed up the majority of those sheep, and the wild boars devoured with them; and they burnt down that tower and demolished that house. 89.67 And I was extremely sad about that tower because that house of the sheep had been demolished; and after that I was unable to see whether those sheep went into that house. 89.68 And the shepherds and their companions handed those sheep over to all the animals so that they might devour them. Each one of them, at his time, received an exact number, and for each of them, one after the other, there was written in a book how many of them were destroyed. 89.69 And each one killed and destroyed more than was prescribed and I began to weep and moan very much because of those sheep. 89.70 And likewise, in the vision, I saw that one who wrote, how each day, The Book of Enoch 130 he wrote down each one that was destroyed by those shepherds. And he brought up, and presented, the whole book to the Lord of the sheep, everything they had done and all that each one of them had made away with, and all that they had handed to destruction. 89.71 And the book was read out in front of the Lord of the sheep, and he took the book in his hand, read it, sealed it, and put it down. 89.72 And after this I saw how the shepherds pastured for twelve hours, and behold three of those sheep returned, and arrived, and came and began to build up all that had fallen down from that house; but the wild boars hindered them so that they could not. 89.73 And they again began to build, as before, and they raised up that tower, and it was called the high tower. And they began again to place a table before the tower but all the bread on it was unclean and was not pure. 89.74 And, besides all this, the eyes of these sheep were blinded so that they could not see, and their shepherds likewise. And they handed yet more of them over to destruction, and they trampled on the sheep with their feet, and devoured them. 89.75 But the Lord of the sheep remained still, until all the sheep were scattered abroad, and had mixed with them, and they did not save them from the hands of the animals. 89.76 And that one who wrote the book brought it up, showed it, and read it out in the dwelling of the Lord of the sheep. And he entreated Him on behalf of them, and petitioned Him, as he showed Him all the deeds of their shepherds and testified in front of Him against all the shepherds. 89.77 And he took the book, put it down by Him, and went out. 90.1 And I looked until the time that thirty-five shepherds had pastured the sheep the same way, and, each individually; they all completed their time like the first ones. And others received them into their hands to pasture them, at their time, each shepherd at his own time. The Book of Enoch 131 90.2 And after this, I saw in the vision, all the birds of the sky coming: - The eagles, the vultures, and the kites, and the ravens. But the eagles led all the birds, and they began to devour those sheep, to peck out their eyes, and to devour their flesh. 90.3 And the sheep cried out because the birds devoured their flesh. And I cried out and lamented in my sleep because of that shepherd who pastured the sheep. 90.4 And I looked until those sheep were devoured by those dogs, and by the eagles, and by the kites, and they left them neither flesh nor skin, nor sinew, until only their bones remained. And their bones fell upon the ground and the sheep became few. 90.5 And I looked until the time that twenty-three shepherds had pastured, and they completed, each in his time, fifty eight times. 90.6 And small lambs were born from those white sheep, and they began to open their eyes, to see, and to cry to the sheep. 90.7 But the sheep did not cry to them, and did not listen to what they said to them, but were extremely deaf, and their eyes were extremely and excessively blinded. 90.8 And I saw in the vision, how the ravens flew upon those lambs, and took one of those lambs, and dashed the sheep in pieces and devoured them. 90.9 And I looked until horns came up on those lambs but the ravens cast their horns down. And I looked until a big horn grew on one of those sheep, and their eyes were opened. 90.10 And it looked at them and their eyes were opened. And it cried to the sheep, and the rams saw it, and they all ran to it. 90.11 And, besides all this, those eagles, and vultures, and ravens, and kites, were still continually tearing the sheep in pieces, and flying upon them and devouring them. And the sheep were silent but the rams The Book of Enoch 132 lamented and cried out. 90.12 And those ravens battled and fought with it, and wished to make away with its horn, but they did not prevail against it. 90.13 And I looked at them until the shepherds and the eagles, and those vultures, and kites, came and cried to the ravens that they should dash the horn of that ram in pieces. And they fought and battled with it, and it fought with them and cried out so that its help might come to it. 90.14 And I looked until that man, who wrote down the names of the shepherds and brought them up before the Lord of the sheep, came, and he helped that ram and showed it everything; its help was coming down. 90.15 And I looked until that Lord of the sheep came to them in anger, all those who saw him fled, and they all fell into the shadow in front of Him. 90.16 All the eagles and vultures and ravens and kites, gathered together and brought with them all the wild sheep, and they all came together and helped one another in order to dash that horn of the ram in pieces. 90.17 And I looked at that man, who wrote the book at the command of the Lord, until he opened that book of the destruction that those last twelve shepherds had wrought. And he showed, in front of the Lord of the sheep, that they had destroyed even more than those before them had. 90.18 And I looked until the Lord of the sheep came to them and took the Staff of His Anger and struck the Earth. And the Earth was split. And all the animals, and the birds of the sky, fell from those sheep and sank in the earth; and it closed over them. 90.19 And I looked until a big sword was given to the sheep. And the sheep went out against all the wild animals to kill them. And all the animals, and birds of the sky, fled before them. 90.20 And I looked until a throne was set up in a pleasant land and the Lord of the sheep sat on it. And they took all the sealed books and opened the books in front of the Lord of the sheep. The Book of Enoch 133 90.21 And the Lord called those men, the seven first white ones, and commanded them to bring in front of Him the first star, which went before those stars whose private parts were like horses, and they brought them all in front of Him. 90.22 And He said to that man who wrote in front of Him, who was one of the seven white ones, He said to him: “Take those seventy shepherds, to whom I handed over the sheep, and who, on their own authority, took and killed more than I commanded them.” 90.23 And behold, I saw them all bound, and they all stood in front of Him. 90.24 And the judgment was held, first on the stars, and they were judged and found guilty, and they went to the place of damnation, and were thrown into a deep place full of fire burning, and full of pillars of fire. 90.25 And those seventy shepherds were judged, and found guilty, and they also were thrown into that abyss of fire. 90.26 And I saw at that time, how a similar abyss was opened in the middle of the Earth which was full of fire, and they brought those blind sheep and they were all judged, and found guilty, and thrown into that abyss of fire and they burned. And that abyss was on the south of that house. 90.27 And I saw those sheep burning and their bones were burning. 90.28 And I stood up to look until he folded up that old house, and they removed all the pillars, and all the beams and ornaments of that house were folded up with it. And they removed it and put it in a place in the south of the land. 90.29 And I looked until the Lord of the sheep brought a new house, larger and higher than the first one, and he set it up on the site of the first one that had been folded up. And all its pillars were new, and its ornaments were new and larger than those of the first one - the old one that had been removed. And the Lord of the sheep was in the middle of it. 90.30 And I saw all the sheep that were left, and all the animals of the The Book of Enoch 134 earth, and all the birds of the sky, falling down and worshipping those sheep, and entreating them and obeying them in every command. 90.31 And after this, those three who were dressed in white and had taken hold of my hand, the ones who had brought me up at first. They, with the hand of that ram also holding me, took me up, and put me down in the middle of those sheep before the judgment was held. 90.32 And those sheep were all white and their wool thick and pure. 90.33 And all those which had been destroyed and scattered, and all the wild animals, and all the birds of the sky, gathered together in that house, and the Lord of the sheep rejoiced very much because they were all good, and had returned to His house. 90.34 And I looked until they had laid down that sword, which had been given to the sheep, and they brought it back into his house, and it was sealed in front of the Lord. And all the sheep were enclosed in that house but it did not hold them. 90.35 And the eyes of all of them were opened, and they saw well, and there was not one among them that did not see. 90.36 And I saw that that house was large, broad, and exceptionally full. 90.37 And I saw how a white bull was born, and its horns were big, and all the wild animals, and all the birds of the sky, were afraid of it, and entreated it continually. 90.38 And I looked until all their species were transformed and they all became white bulls. And the first among them was a wild-ox. And that wild-ox was a large animal and had big black horns on its head. And the Lord of the sheep rejoiced over them, and over all the bulls. 90.39 And I was asleep in the middle of them and I woke up and saw everything. 90.40 And this is the vision which I saw while I was asleep, and I woke up, blessed the Lord of Righteousness, and ascribed glory to him. The Book of Enoch 135 90.41 But after this I wept bitterly and my tears did not stop until I could not endure it. When I looked, they ran down, because of what I saw, for everything will come to pass and be fulfilled, and all the deeds of men, in their order, were shown to me. 90.42 That night I remembered my first dream, and because of it I wept, and was disturbed, because I had seen that vision. The Book of Enoch 136 Notes (19) PROPHECY OF THE TEN WEEKS (pages 137-141) Here (93.2) Enoch states that the source of the prophecy is the Watchers and the Tablets of Heaven. The dates I have given are obviously very approximate up until Moses but it does seem reasonable that there would be a very long time between Noah and Abraham. WEEK CHARACTER MAIN EVENTS FIRST WEEK Justice & Righteousness 93.3 (ice-age – over 16,000 BC) Enoch's time SECOND WEEK Great Injustice 93.4 (16,000 – 10,000 BC) Noah's time FIRST END Flood THIRD WEEK Plant of Righteousness 93.5 (10,000 - 2000 BC) Abraham's time FOURTH WEEK Law for all generations 93.6 (2000 - 1400 BC ) Moses EXODUS FIFTH WEEK House of Glory 93.7 (1400 - 900 BC) Solomon Israel SIXTH WEEK "a man ascends" 93.8 (900 BC - 100 AD) Jesus House (temple) Burnt Chosen People Scattered SEVENTH WEEK Apostate Generation 93.9 - 91.11 (100 AD - ?) Many Deeds SECOND END Judgement of Fire EIGHTH WEEK A sword 91.12 - 13 (future) Righteousness New House NINTH WEEK (future) The Righteous Judgement is revealed 91.14 TENTH WEEK (future) All the Powers of Heaven shine forever 91.15 – 16 The Book of Enoch 137 19) PROPHECY OF THE TEN WEEKS 91.1 And now my son Methuselah, call to me all your brothers, and gather to me all the children of your mother. For a voice calls me, and a spirit has been poured over me, so that I may show you everything that will come upon you forever. 91.2 And after this Methuselah went and called his brothers to him and gathered his relations. 91.3 And he spoke about righteousness to all his sons, and said: “Hear, my children, all the words of your father, and listen properly to the voice of my mouth, for I will testify and speak to you - my beloved. Love uprightness and walk in it! 91.4 And do not draw near to uprightness with a double heart, and do not associate with those of a double heart, but walk in righteousness my children and it will lead you in good paths, and righteousness will be your companion. 91.5 For I know that the state of wrongdoing will continue on Earth, and a great punishment will be carried out on the Earth, and an end will be made of all iniquity. And it will be cut off at its roots and its whole edifice will pass away. 91.6 And iniquity will again be complete on the Earth, and all the deeds of iniquity, and the deeds of wrong, and of wickedness, will prevail for a second time.” 92.1 Written by Enoch-the-Scribe, this complete wisdom and teaching, praised by all men and a judge of the whole Earth. For all my sons who dwell on Earth. And for the last generations who will practice justice and peace. The Book of Enoch 138 92.2 Let not your spirit be saddened by the times for the Holy and Great One has appointed days for all things. 92.3 And the righteous man will rise from sleep, will rise and will walk in the path of righteousness, and all his paths, and his journeys, will be in eternal goodness and mercy. 92.4 He will show mercy to the righteous man and to him give eternal uprightness, and to him give power. And he will live in goodness, and righteousness, and will walk in eternal light. 92.5 And sin will be destroyed in darkness, forever, and from that day will never again be seen. 93.1 And, after this, Enoch began to speak from the books: 93.2 And Enoch said: “Concerning the sons of righteousness, and concerning the chosen of the world, and concerning the plant of righteousness and uprightness, I will speak these things to you, and make them known to you, my children. I, Enoch, according to that which appeared to me in the Heavenly vision, and that which I know from the words of the Holy Angels, and understanding from the Tablets of Heaven.” 93.3 And Enoch then began to speak from the books, and said: “I was born the seventh, in the first week, while justice and righteousness still lasted. 93.4 And, after me, in the second week, great injustice will arise, and deceit will have sprung up. And in it there will be the First End, and in it, a man will be saved. And after it has ended, iniquity will grow, and He will make a law for the sinners. 93.5 And after this in the third week, at its end, a man will be chosen as the Plant of Righteous Judgment, and after him will come the Plant of Righteousness, forever. 93.6 And after this, in the fourth week, at its end, visions of the righteous The Book of Enoch 139 and Holy will be seen, and a Law for All Generations, and an enclosure will be made for them. 93.7 And after this, in the fifth week, at its end, a House of Glory and Sovereignty will be built forever. 93.8 And after this, in the sixth week, all those who live in it will be blinded. And the hearts of them all, lacking wisdom, will sink into impiety. And in it, a man will ascend, and at its end the House of Sovereignty will be burnt with fire. And in it the whole race of the chosen root will be scattered. 93.9 And after this, in the seventh week, an apostate generation will arise. And many will be its deeds - but all its deeds will be apostasy. 93.10 And at its end, the Chosen Righteous, from the Eternal Plant of Righteousness, will be chosen, to whom will be given sevenfold teaching, concerning his whole creation. 91.7 And when iniquity, and sin, and blasphemy, and wrong, and all kinds of evil deeds increase, and when apostasy, wickedness, and uncleanness increase, a great punishment will come from Heaven upon all these. And the Holy Lord will come in anger, and in wrath, to execute judgment on the Earth. 91.8 In those days wrongdoing will be cut off at its roots, and the roots of iniquity, together with deceit, will be destroyed from under Heaven. 91.9 And all the idols of the nations will be given up, their towers will be burnt in fire, and they will remove them from the whole Earth. And they will be thrown down into the Judgment of Fire, and will be destroyed in anger, and in the severe judgment that is forever. 91.10 And the righteous will rise from sleep, and wisdom will rise, and will be given to them. 91.11 And after this the roots of iniquity will be cut off and the sword will destroy the sinners. The blasphemers will be cut off; in every place The Book of Enoch 140 blasphemy will be destroyed by the sword. 91.12 And after this there will be another week; the eighth, that of righteousness, and a sword will be given to it so that the Righteous Judgment may be executed on those who do wrong, and the sinners will be handed over into the hands of the righteous. 91.13 And, at its end, they will acquire Houses because of their righteousness, and a House will be built for the Great King in Glory, forever. 91.14 And after this, in the ninth week, the Righteous Judgment will be revealed to the whole world. And all the deeds of the impious will vanish from the whole Earth. And the world will be written down for destruction and all men will look to the Path of Uprightness. 91.15 And, after this, in the tenth week, in the seventh part, there will be an Eternal Judgment that will be executed on the Watchers and the Great Eternal Heaven that will spring from the midst of the Angels. 91.16 And the First Heaven will vanish and pass away and a New Heaven will appear, and all the Powers of Heaven will shine forever, with sevenfold light. 91.17 And after this, there will be many weeks without number, forever, in goodness and in righteousness. And from then on sin will never again be mentioned. 91.18 And now I tell you, my children, and show you the paths of righteousness, and the paths of wrongdoing. And I will show you again so that you may know what is to come. 91.19 And now listen, my children, walk in the paths of righteousness and do not walk in the paths of wrongdoing, for all those who walk in the path of iniquity will be destroyed forever. 93.11 For is there any man who can hear the voice of the Holy One and not be disturbed? And who is there who can think his thoughts? And who is The Book of Enoch 141 there who can look at all the works of Heaven? 93.12 And how should there be anyone who could understand the works of Heaven, and see a soul, or a spirit, and tell about it, or ascend and see all their ends and comprehend them, or make anything like them? 93.13 And is there any man who could know the length and breadth of the Earth? And to who has all its measurements been shown? 93.14 Or is there any man who could know the length of Heaven, and what is its height, and on what is it fixed, and how large is the number of stars, and where do all the lights rest? The Book of Enoch 142 Notes (20) ENOCH'S MESSAGE OF GUIDANCE (pages 143-155) This is spiritual guidance from Enoch based on the teachings of the Watchers. The message is directed towards his family, and towards later generations, and concerns the importance of avoiding sin during your lifetime. The message is also directed towards strengthening the spirits of people suffering hard times, and Enoch stresses that God will deal with everyone justly, at the appointed time. Near to the end of this section (104.11) Enoch encourages people such as me, who will come later and copy his book into other languages, to do it carefully and exactly – which I have tried my best to do. The Book of Enoch 143 20) ENOCH'S MESSAGE OF GUIDANCE 94.1 And now I say to you, my children, love righteousness and walk in it; for the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptance, but the paths of iniquity will quickly be destroyed and vanish. 94.2 And to certain men, from a future generation, the paths of wrongdoing and of death will be revealed; and they will keep away from them and will not follow them. 94.3 And now I say to you, the righteous: do not walk in the wicked path, or in wrongdoing, or in the paths of death, and do not draw near to them or you may be destroyed. 94.4 But seek, and choose for yourself, righteousness, and a life that is pleasing and walk in the paths of peace so that you may live and prosper. 94.5 And hold my words firmly in the thoughts of your heart, and do not let them be erased from your heart, for I know that sinners will tempt men to debase wisdom, and no place will be found for it, and temptation will in no way decrease. 94.6 Woe to those who build iniquity and found deceit for they will quickly be thrown down and will not have peace. 94.7 Woe to those who build their houses with sin, for from their whole foundation they will be thrown down, and by the sword they shall fall, and those who acquire gold and silver will quickly be destroyed in the judgment. 94.8 Woe to you, you rich, for you have trusted in your riches, but from your riches you will depart for you did not remember the Most High in the days of your riches. 94.9 You have committed blasphemy, and iniquity, and are ready for the days of the outpouring of blood, and for the day of darkness, and for the day of the Great Judgment. The Book of Enoch 144 94.10 Thus I say, and make known to you, that He who created you will throw you down, and over your fall there will be no mercy, but your creator will rejoice at your destruction. 94.11 And your righteousness in those days will be a reproach to the sinners and to the impious. 95.1 Would that my eyes were a rain-cloud, so that I might weep over you, and pour out my tears like rain, so that I might have rest from the sorrow of my heart! 95.2 Who permitted you to practice hatred and wickedness? May judgment come upon you, the sinners! 95.3 Do not be afraid of the sinners, you righteous, for the Lord will again deliver them into your hands, so that you may execute judgment on them as you desire. 95.4 Woe to you who pronounce anathema that you cannot remove.. Healing will be far from you because of your sin. 95.5 Woe to you who repay your neighbours with evil for you will be repaid according to your deeds. 95.6 Woe to you, you lying witnesses, and to those who weigh out iniquity, for you will quickly be destroyed. 95.7 Woe to you, you sinners, because you persecute the righteous, for you yourselves will be handed over and persecuted, you men of iniquity, and their yoke will be heavy on you. 96.1 Be hopeful, you righteous, for the sinners will quickly be destroyed before you, and you will have power over them, as you desire. 96.2 And in the day of the distress of the sinners, your young will rise up, like eagles, and your nest will be higher than that of vultures. And you will go up, and like badgers, enter the crevices of the earth, and the clefts of the rock, forever, before the lawless, but they will groan and weep because of you, like satyrs. The Book of Enoch 145 96.3 And do not be afraid you who have suffered, for you will receive healing, and a bright light will shine upon you, and the Voice of Rest you will hear from Heaven. 96.4 Woes to you, you sinners, for your riches make you appear righteous, but your hearts prove you to be sinners. And this word will be a testimony against you as a reminder of your evil deeds. 96.5 Woe to you who devour the finest of the wheat, and drink the best of the water, and trample upon the humble through your power. 96.6 Woe to you who drink water all the time, for you will quickly be repaid, and will become exhausted and dry for you have left the spring of life. 96.7 Woe to you who commit iniquity, and deceit, and blasphemy, it will be a reminder of evil against you. 96.8 Woe to you, you powerful, who through power oppress the righteous; for the day of your destruction will come. In those days many good days will come for the righteous in the day of your judgment. 97.1 Believe, you righteous, that the sinners will become an object of shame and will be destroyed on the Day of Judgment. 97.2 Be it known to you, sinners, that the Most High remembers your destruction and that the Angels rejoice over your destruction. 97.3 What will you do, you sinners, and where will you flee on that day of judgment when you hear the sound of prayer of the righteous? 97.4 But you will not be like them against whom this word will be a testimony: “You have been associated with the sinners.” 97.5 And in those days, the prayer of the Holy will be in front of the Lord, and for you will come the days of your judgment. 97.6 And the words of your iniquity will be read out before the Great and The Book of Enoch 146 Holy One, and your faces will blush with shame, and every deed which is founded upon iniquity will be rejected. 97.7 Woe to you, you sinners, who are in the middle of the sea, or on dry ground, their memory will be harmful to you. 97.8 Woe to you who acquire silver and gold, but not in righteousness, and say: “We have become very rich and have possessions, and have acquired everything that we desired. 97.9 And now let us do what we planned, for we have gathered silver and filled our storehouses, and as many as water are the servants of our houses.” 97.10 And like the water your life will flow away, for your riches will not stay with you, but will quickly go up from you, for you acquired everything in iniquity and you will be given over to a great curse. 98.1 Now I swear to you, the wise, and the foolish, that you will see many things on the earth. 98.2 For you men will put on yourselves more adornments than a woman, and more coloured garments than a girl, clothed in sovereignty, and in majesty, and in power, and silver, and gold, and purple, and honours, - and food will be poured out like water. 98.3 Because of this they will have neither knowledge nor wisdom. And through this, they will be destroyed, together with their possessions, and with all their glory and their honour. And in shame, and in slaughter, and in great destitution, their spirits will be thrown into the fiery furnace. 98.4 I swear to you, you sinners, that as a mountain has not, and will not, become a slave, nor a hill a woman's maid, so sin was not sent on the Earth but man, of himself, created it. And those who commit it will be subject to a great curse. 98.5 And barrenness has not been given to a woman but because of the deeds of her hand she dies without children. The Book of Enoch 147 98.6 I swear to you, you sinners, by the Holy and Great One, that all your evil deeds are revealed in Heaven and that your wrongdoing is not covered or hidden. 98.7 And do not think in your spirit nor say in your heart, that you do not know, or do not see, every sin is written down every day in Heaven in front of the Most High. 98.8 From now on, you know that all your wrongdoing that you do will be written down every day, until the day of your judgment. 98.9 Woe to you, you fools, for you will be destroyed through your folly. And you do not listen to the wise and good will not come upon you. 98.10 And now know that you are ready for the day of destruction. And do not hope that you will live, you sinners; rather you will go and die, for you know no ransom. You are ready for the Day of the Great Judgment and for the day of distress and great shame for your spirits. 98.11 Woe to you, you stubborn of heart who do evil and eat blood, from where do you have good things to eat and drink and to be satisfied? From all the good things which our Lord the Most High has placed in abundance on the earth. Therefore you will not have peace. 98.12 Woe to you who love deeds of iniquity. Why do you hope for good for yourselves? Know that you will be given into the hands of the righteous, and they will cut your throats and kill you, and will not have mercy on you. 98.13 Woe to you who rejoice in the distress of the righteous for graves will not be dug for you. 98.14 Woe to you who declare the words of the righteous empty for you will have no hope of life. 98.15 Woe to you who write lying words, and the words of the impious, for they write their lies so that men may hear and continue their folly. And they will not have peace but will die a sudden death. The Book of Enoch 148 99.1 Woe to you who do impious deeds and praise and honour lying words; you will be destroyed and will not have a good life. 99.2 Woe to you who alter the words of truth, and they distort the eternal law and count themselves as being without sin; they will be trampled underfoot on the ground. 99.3 In those days make ready, you righteous, to raise your prayers as a reminder and lay them as a testimony before the Angels, that they may lay the sin of the sinners before the Most High as a reminder. 99.4 In those days the nations will be thrown into confusion and the races of the nations will rise on the Day of Destruction. 99.5 And in those days, those who are in need will go out, seize their children, and cast out their children. And their offspring will slip from them, and they will cast out their children while they are still sucklings, and will not return to them, and will not have mercy on their beloved ones. 99.6 And again I swear to you, the sinners, that sin is ready for the Day of Unceasing Bloodshed. 99.7 And they worship stone, and some carve images of gold and of silver, and of wood and of clay. And some, with no knowledge, worship unclean spirits and demons, and every kind of error. But no help will be obtained from them. 99.8 And they will sink into impiety because of the folly of their hearts, and their eyes will be blinded through the fear of their hearts, and through the vision of their ambitions. 99.9 Through these they will become impious and fearful, for they do all their deeds with lies, and worship stones, and they will be destroyed at the same moment. 99.10 And in those days, blessed are those who accept the words of wisdom, and understand them, and follow the paths of the Most High, and walk in the path of righteousness, and do not act impiously with the The Book of Enoch 149 impious, for they will be saved. 99.11 Woe to you who extend evil to your neighbours; for you will be killed in Sheol. 99.12 Woe to you who lay foundations of sin and deceit, and who cause bitterness on the Earth, for because of this an end will be made of them. 99.13 Woe to you who build your houses with the toil of others, and all their building materials are the sticks and stones of sin; I say to you: “You will not have peace.” 99.14 Woe to those who reject the measure, and the eternal inheritance of their fathers, and cause their souls to follow error, for they will not have rest. 99.15 Woe to those who commit iniquity, and help wrong, and kill their neighbours, until the Day of the Great Judgment; for he will throw down your glory. 99.16 And you put evil into your hearts, and rouse the spirit of his anger, so that he may destroy you all with the sword. And all the righteous and the Holy will remember your sin. 100.1 And in those days, and in one place, fathers and sons will strike one another, and brothers will together fall in death, until their blood flows as if it were a stream. 100.2 For a man will not, in mercy, withhold his hand from his sons, nor from his son's sons, in order to kill them. And the sinner will not withhold his hand from his honoured brother from dawn until the Sun sets they will kill one another. 100.3 And the horse will walk up to its chest in the blood of sinners and the chariot will sink up to its height. 100.4 And in those days the Angels will come down into the hidden places, and gather together in one place all those who have helped sin, and the Most High will rise on that day to execute the Great Judgment on all the The Book of Enoch 150 sinners. 100.5 And he will set guards, from the Holy Angels, over all the righteous and Holy, and they will guard them like the apple of an eye, until an end is made of all evil and all sin. And even if the righteous sleep a long sleep they have nothing to fear. 100.6 And the wise men will see the truth, and the sons of the Earth will understand all the words of this book, and they will know that their riches will not be able to save them or overthrow their sin. 100.7 Woe to you, you sinners, when you afflict the righteous on the day of severe trouble, and burn them with fire, you will be repaid according to your deeds. 100.8 Woe to you, you perverse of heart who watch to devise evil; fear will come upon you and there is no one who will help you. 100.9 Woe to you, you sinners, for an account of the words of your mouth, and for an account of the deeds of your hands that you have impiously done; you will burn in blazing flames of fire. 100.10 And now know that the Angels will inquire in Heaven into your deeds, from the Sun and the Moon and the Stars, into your sins, for on earth you execute judgment on the righteous. 100.11 And all the clouds and mist and dew and rain will testify against you, for they will be withheld from you so that they do not fall on you, and they will think about your sins. 100.12 And now give gifts to the rain, so that it may not be withheld from falling on you, and so that the dew, if it has accepted gold and silver from you, may fall. 100.13 When the hoarfrost and snow, with their cold, and all the snowwinds with their torments fall on you. In those days, you will not be able to stand before them. 101.1 Contemplate Heaven, all you sons of Heaven, and all the works of The Book of Enoch 151 the Most High, and fear him, and do not do evil in front of Him. 101.2 If He closes the Windows of Heaven, and withholds the rain and the dew, so that it does not fall on the earth because of you, what will you do? 101.3 And if he sends his anger upon you, and upon all your deeds, will you not entreat him? For you speak proud and hard against his righteousness. And you will not have peace. 101.4 And do you not see the captains of the ships; how their ships are tossed by the waves and rocked by the winds and are in distress? 101.5 And because of this they are afraid, for all their good possessions that go out on the sea with them, and they think nothing good in their hearts, only that the sea will swallow them up, and that they will be destroyed in it. 101.6 Is not all the sea, and all its waters, and all its movement, the work of the Most High, and did he not seal all it’s doings and bind it all with sand? 101.7 And at his rebuke it dries up and becomes afraid, and all its fish die, and everything in it; but you sinners who are on Earth do not fear him. 101.8 Did he not make Heaven, Earth, and everything that is in them? And who gave knowledge, and wisdom, to all things that move on the ground and in the sea? 101.9 And do not those captains of the ships fear the sea? Yet, sinners do not fear the Most High. 102.1 And in those days, if he brings a fierce fire upon you, where will you flee, and where will you be safe? And when he utters his voice against you will you not be terrified and afraid? 102.2 And all the Lights will shake with great fear, and the whole Earth will be terrified, and will tremble and quail. 102.3 And all the Angels will carry out their commands, and will seek to hide from the One who is Great in Glory, and the children of the Earth will tremble and shake; and you sinners will be cursed forever and will not have peace. The Book of Enoch 152 102.4 Do not be afraid you souls of the righteous, and be hopeful, you who have died in righteousness. 102.5 And do not be sad that your souls have gone down into Sheol in sadness and that your bodies did not obtain during your life a reward in accordance with your goodness. 102.6 But when you die the sinners will say about you: “As we die, the righteous have also died, and of what use to them were their deeds?” 102.7 “Behold, like us they have died in sadness and in darkness, and what advantage do they have over us? From now on we are equal.” 102.8 “And what will they receive and what will they see forever? For behold, they too have died, and from now on they will never again see the light.” 102.9 And I say to you, you sinners: “You are content to eat and drink, and strip men naked, and steal, and sin, and acquire possessions, and see good days. 102.10 But you saw the righteous, how their end was peace, for no wrong was found in them until the day of their death.” 102.11 “But they were destroyed and became as though they had not been and their souls went down to Sheol in distress.” 103.1 And now I swear to you, the righteous, by His Great Glory and His Honour, and by His Magnificent Sovereignty, and by His Majesty: - I swear to you that I understand this mystery. 103.2 And I have read the Tablets of Heaven and seen the writing of the Holy Ones. And I found written and engraved in it, concerning them, that all good, and joy, and honour, have been made ready, and written down, for the spirits of those who died in righteousness. 103.3 And much good will be given to you in recompense for your toil and that your lot will be more excellent than the lot of the living. 103.4 And the spirits of you who have died in righteousness will live, and The Book of Enoch 153 your spirits will rejoice and be glad, and the memory of them will remain in front of the Great One for all the generations of eternity. Therefore do not fear their abuse. 103.5 Woe to you, you sinners, when you die in your sin, and those who are like you say about you: “Blessed were the sinners they saw their days. 103.6 And now they have died in prosperity and wealth, distress and slaughter they did not see during their life, but they have died in glory, and judgment was not executed on them in their life.” 103.7 Know that their souls will be made to go down into Sheol, they will be wretched, and their distress will be great. 103.8 And in darkness, and in chains, and in burning flames, your spirits will come to the Great Judgment. And the Great Judgment will last for all generations, forever. Woe to you for you will not have peace. 103.9 Do not say, the righteous and the good who were alive; “In the days of our affliction we toiled laboriously, and saw every affliction, and met many evils. We were spent and became few and our spirit small. 103.10 We were destroyed and there was no one who helped us with words or with deeds. We were powerless and found nothing. We were tortured and destroyed and did not expect to see life from one day to the next. 103 11 We hoped to become the head but became the tail. We toiled and laboured, but were not masters of the fruits of our toil; we became food for the sinners, and the lawless made their yoke heavy upon us. 103.12 Those who hated us, those who goaded us, were masters of us. And to those who hated us we bowed our necks but they did not have mercy on us. 103.13 We sought to escape from them so that we might flee and be at rest. But we found no place where we might flee and be safe from them. 103.14 We complained about them to the rulers, in our distress, and cried out against those who devoured us, but they took no notice of our cries, and The Book of Enoch 154 did not wish to listen to our voice. 103.15 And they helped those who plundered us and devoured us, and those who made us few, and they concealed their wrongdoing, and did not remove from us the yoke of those who devoured us, and scattered us, and killed us. And they concealed our slaughter and did not remember that they had raised their hands against us.” 104.1 I swear to you, you righteous, that in Heaven the Angels remember you for good in front of the Glory of the Great One, and that your names are written down in front of the Glory of the Great One. 104.2 Be hopeful! For you were formerly put to shame through evils and afflictions, but now you will shine like the Lights of Heaven, and will be seen, and the Gate of Heaven will be opened to you. 104.3 And persevere in your cry for judgment and it will appear to you, for justice will be exacted from the rulers for all your distress, and from all those who helped those who plundered you. 104.4 Be hopeful, and do not abandon your hope, for you will have great joy like the Angels of Heaven. 104.5 What will you have to do? You will not have to hide on the day of the Great Judgment, nor will you be found to be sinners. The Eternal Judgment will be upon you for all the generations of eternity. 104.6 And now do not be afraid, you righteous, when you see the sinners growing strong and prospering in their desires, and do not be associated with them but keep far away from their wrongdoing, for you will be associates of the Host of Heaven. 104.7 For you sinners say: “None of our sins will be inquired into and written down!” But they will write down your sins every day. 104.8 And now I show you that light and darkness, day and night, see all your sins. 104.9 Do not be impious in your hearts, and do not lie, and do not alter the The Book of Enoch 155 words of truth, nor say that the words of the Holy and Great One are lies, and do not praise your idols. For all your lies, and all your impiety, lead not to righteousness but to great sin. 104.10 And now I know this mystery; that many sinners will alter and distort the words of truth, and speak evil words, and lie, and concoct great fabrications, and write books in their own words. 104.11 But when they write my words exactly in their languages, and do not alter or omit anything from my words, but write everything exactly, everything that I testified about before; then I know another mystery: 104.12 That books will be given to the righteous and wise and will be a source of joy and truth and much wisdom. 104.13 And books will be given to them, and they will believe in them and rejoice over them; and all the righteous who have learnt from them all the ways of truth will be glad. 105.1 And in those days, says the Lord, they shall call and testify to the sons of the Earth about the wisdom in them. Show it to them for you are their leaders and the rewards will be over all the Earth. 105.2 For my son and I will join ourselves with them, forever, in the paths of uprightness during their lives. And you will have peace. Rejoice - you sons of uprightness! Amen The Book of Enoch 156 Notes (21) ENOCH'S CONCLUDING WORDS (pages 157-158) The conclusion to the book covers similar ground to the previous section but in a shorter form. Future glory is predicted for the righteous and darkness for the sinners. The Book of Enoch 157 21) ENOCH'S CONCLUDING WORDS 108.1 Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah and for those who should come after him and keep the law in the last days. 108.2 You who have observed, and are waiting in these days, until an end shall be made of those who do evil, and an end shall be made of the power of the wrongdoers. 108.3 Do indeed wait until sin shall pass away, for their names shall be erased from the Books of the Holy Ones, and their offspring will be destroyed forever. And their spirits will be killed, and they will cry out and moan in a chaotic desert place, and will burn in fire, for there is no Earth there. 108.4 And there I saw something like a cloud, which could not be discerned, for because of its depth I was not able to look into it. And the flames of a fire I saw, burning brightly, and things like bright mountains revolved and shook from side to side. 108.5 And I asked one of the Holy Angels, who were with me, and I said to him: “What is this bright place? For there is no sky, but only the flames of a burning fire, and the sounds of crying, and weeping, and moaning, and severe pain.” 108.6 And he said to me: “This place which you see; here will be thrown the spirits of the sinners, and of the blasphemers, and of those who do evil. And of those who alter everything that the Lord has spoken through the mouths of the prophets about the things that shall be done. 108.7 For there are books, and records, about them in Heaven above so that the Angels may read them and know what is about to come upon the sinners. And upon the spirits of the humble, and of those who afflicted their bodies and were recompensed by God, and of those who were abused by evil men. The Book of Enoch 158 108.8 Those who loved God and did not love gold, or silver, or any possessions, but gave up their bodies to torment. 108.9 Those who, from the moment they existed, did not desire earthly food, but counted themselves as a breath which passes away, and kept to this. And the Lord tested them much, and their spirits were found pure, so that they might bless His Name.” 108.10 And all their blessings I have recounted in the books, and he has assigned them their reward, for they were found to be such that they loved Heaven more than their life in the world. And although they were trampled underfoot by evil men, and had to listen to reviling and reproach from them, and were abused, yet they blessed their Lord. 108.11 And the Lord said: “And now I will call the spirits of the good, who are of the Generation of Light, and I will transform those who were born in darkness, who in the flesh were not recompensed with honour as was fitting to their faith. 108.12 And I will bring out into the shining light those who love my Holy Name and I will set each one on the throne of his honour.” 108.13 And they will shine for times without number, for righteous is the Judgment of God, for with the faithful He will keep faith in the dwelling of upright paths. 108.14 And they will see those who were born in darkness thrown into the darkness while the righteous shine. 108.15 And the sinners will cry out as they see them shining but they themselves will go where days and times have been written down for them. The Book of Enoch 159 REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING The Ethiopic Book of Enoch, M. A. Knibb, Oxford University Press. My book is based on this 1974 Oxford University translation. There are many footnotes on the details of the translation and detailed comparisons of the various known manuscripts and fragments of the book. The Book of Enoch, R H Charles, SPCK London Published in 1917 and the most common English translation - but not the best. The Book of Enoch the Prophet Richard Laurence, Wizards Bookshelf Published 1821 but possibly a better version than the Charles version. Fallen Angels and the Origins of Evil Elizabeth Clare Prophet, Summit University press This is a good and well researched book about Enoch. It also includes the text of the the 19th century Laurence translation of the Book of Enoch. Also there is an extensive section covering biblical references relating to Enoch and the book. This book also has the text of other old works where Enoch appears in the title, such as the secrets of Enoch, and also the Book of Jubilees (written at the time of the Exodus). Uriel’s Machine Christopher Knight & Robert Lomas, Arrow Books This is a good book and worth reading. It connects Enoch to the ancient The Book of Enoch 160 stone circles and religions and is packed with interesting detail. From the Ashes of Angels Andrew Collins, Michael Joseph This is an interesting book about the possible background of the Watchers. Thoth – Architect of the Universe Ralph Ellis, Edfu Books Mainly a book about the mathematics of stone circles and pyramids but related to Enoch’s time period in places. This is the book that mentions the South Sandwich islands. The Sign and the Seal Graham Hancock, Mandarin. This is about Ethiopia and the Ark of the Covenant. It was this book that led me to Enoch’s book. Mahabharata Krishna Dharma, Torchlight Publishing An Indian religious epic, that is very old, and that may be based on the story of the families of some of the rebel Watchers during the times between Enoch and Noah. There are some very interesting descriptions of warfare involving advanced weaponry.